Bere Regis Village, Dorset
Bere Regis Village Website Bere Regis Village website

An Inventory of the Historical Monuments

in Dorset, Volume 2 - South East.

The Royal Commission on Historical

Monuments of England survey of Dorset,

1970.

The   very   large   parish   of   Bere   Regis   covering   8,312   acres   lies   10   m.   E.N.E.   of   Dorchester   on   the   N.   edge of   the   S.   Dorset   heathland. The   whole   of   the   S.   half   of   the   parish   is   rolling   heathland,   over   Bagshot   Beds, lying   between   50   ft.   and   200   ft.   above   O.D.,   across   which   the   river   Frome   cuts   obliquely   from   N.W.   to S.E.   The   middle   part   is   largely   occupied   by   Reading   Beds   and   London   Clay   which   give   rise   to extensive   woodland.   The   N.   part   of   the   parish   is   on   Chalk   rising   to   just   over   300   ft.   above   O.D.   and in   places   cut   into   by   dry   valleys   draining   into   the   Milborne   Brook,   which   crosses   this   part   of   the   parish   to join the Piddle in the S.E. corner. The   parish   was,   until   recently,   much   larger   and   included   the   old   settlement   of   Milborne   Stileham   and   its   land   to   the   N.,   now incorporated within Milborne St. Andrew parish. There   appear   to   have   been   three   original   settlements   within   the   parish,   Shitterton,   Bere   Regis   itself   and   Doddings   Farm,   all along   the   Milborne   Brook   on   the   edge   of   the   Chalk   outcrop.   Late   settlements   to   the   S.   of   the   original   nuclei   took   the   form   of   small farms   on   the   heathland,   all   along   the   Piddle.   These,   such   as   Chamberlayne's   Farm,   Hyde   House,   Philliols   Farm   and   Stockley Farms, are all first recorded in the mid 13th to mid 14th centuries. Bere   Regis   was   always   by   far   the   most   important   settlement,   perhaps   as   a   result   of   its   royal   connection   (Hutchins   I,   136),   and   it was   made   into   a   free   borough   by   Edward   I.   It   remained   for   long   an   important   market   town,   though   severe   fires   in   the   17th,   18th and   19th   centuries   have   left   it   with   no   domestic   buildings   older   than   c.   1600.   Many   of   the   17th   and   18th-century   houses   in   the village   were   built   as   small   farmhouses,   the   lands   of   which   lay   in   open   fields   on   the   Chalk   to   the   N.;   the   latter   were   not   enclosed until 1846 (Enclosure Map and Award, in D.C.R.O.; see also Map of Bere Regis, 1775, D.C.R.O.). The   parish   church   and   the   hill-fort   on   Woodbury   Hill   are   the   principal   monuments.   The   site   of   the   royal   house   built   by   King   John has not been identified. Ecclesiastical b(1)   The   Parish   Church   of   St.   John   the   Baptist   stands   in   the   village.   The   walls   are   of   various   materials,   Portland   and   Purbeck stone   ashlar   in   the   chancel,   flint,   limestone   rubble   and   squared   Portland   with   some   rough   alternate   coursing   in   the   nave   and   N. aisle,   flint   with   lacing-courses   of   carstone   and   brick   in   the   S.   aisle,   and   predominantly   flint   and   Portland   stone   in   chequer   pattern in the W. tower. The roofs are covered with stone slates and with lead. St John's Church, Bere Regis: Architectural Development (The   position   and   size   of   the   openings,   excepting   of   those   that   survive,   the   width   of   the   S.   aisle   and   the   plan   of   the   chancel   prior to the 15th century are conjectural.) Enough   evidence   survives   to   show   that   the   present   building   incorporates   the   remains   in   situ   of   a   cruciform   church   of   c.   1050: these   comprise   the   E.   bay   of   the   N.   wall   of   the   Nave,   containing   an   archway,   subsequently   reformed,   which   opened   into   a   N. transept,   and   possibly   the   N.   and   S.   extremities   of   the   E.   wall   of   the   nave.   In   c.   1100   altar   recesses   were   formed   flanking   the earlier   chancel   arch;   of   these,   the   base   of   the   S.   respond   of   the   S.   recess   alone   remains.   In   c.   1160   the   nave   was   enlarged   by rebuilding   the   S.   wall   somewhat   further   to   the   S.;   included   in   the   new   S.   wall   was   an   arcade,   which   survives,   opening   to   an added   S.   aisle.   The   old   S.   transept   though   thus   truncated   was   in   all   probability   retained.   In   c.   1200   an   arcade   of   three   bays, which   also   survives,   opening   to   an   added   N.   aisle,   was   formed   in   the   N.   wall   of   the   nave   of   c.   1050,   the   wall   co-extensive   with   it being   entirely   rebuilt.   At   much   the   same   time   the   arches   of   the   S.   arcade,   above   the   capitals,   were   rebuilt.   In   the   early   13th century   the   old   opening   between   the   nave   and   the   N.   transept   was   reformed   and   thereafter   the   nave   and   aisles   were   extended one   bay   to   the   W.   In   the   14th   century   the   standing   North   and   South Aisles   were   completely   rebuilt   wider,   the   width   of   the   N.   aisle presumably   being   made   uniform   with   the   depth   of   the   older   N.   transept.   The   previous   truncation   of   the   S.   transept   precluded similar   uniformity   on   the   S.;   this   transept   was   therefore   demolished   and   the   space   included   in   the   new   aisle,   an   enlarged archway being formed in eastward extension of the S. nave arcade of c. 1160. At the same time the chancel arch was enlarged. During   the   15th   century   a   notable   improvement   of   the   church   was   begun.   Money   for   the   repair   of   the   Chancel   was   being collected   in   1450   and   soon   thereafter   it   was   completely   rebuilt.   The   upper   parts   of   the   nave   walls   were   rebuilt   to   contain clearstorey   windows   and   by   c.   1500   the   nave   roof   was   framed   and   the   West   Tower   built.   Cardinal   Morton   by   his   will   proved   in 1500   founded   a   chantry   in   the   church   for   twenty   years,   and   for   it   doubtless   the   old   N.   transept   was   rebuilt,   for   this   end   of   the   N. aisle   is   by   tradition   the   Morton   Chapel;   the   rebuilding   provided   an   E.   bay   uniform   with   the   rest   of   the   N.   aisle   in   place   of   the   lofty and   no   doubt   archaic   early   transept.   The   E.   end   of   the   S.   aisle   is   traditionally   the   Turberville   Chapel;   John   Turberville   by   his   will of   1535   desired   to   be   buried   'in   my   own   aisle   before   the   image   of   Our   Blessed   Lady,   in   one   of   the   tombs   wherein   Sir   Richard   and Sir   Robert Turberville   my   ancestors   hath   been   buried'.   He   also   directed   that   the   E.   window   of   the   aisle   be   newly   made   and   newly glazed   as   soon   after   his   death   as   convenient:   no   doubt   the   elaborate   16th-century   E.   window   in   the   S.   wall   is   the   outcome   (Plate 32). In 1760 the more easterly end of the S. aisle was badly burned and in part rebuilt in flint with brick lacing-courses. The South Porch was rebuilt in 1875. At this time the church was very extensively restored at a cost of some £7000 by Messrs. Hale and Son of Salisbury under the direction of G. E. Street, R.A.; the clerk of works was J. Redden. The 15th-century tracery of the reset late 13th-century E. window was removed and new tracery inserted; the wall over the S. nave arcade was rebuilt, the tilting piers and arches being levered back to the vertical, and the greater part of the N. and W. walls of the N. aisle were reconstructed, retaining the old features. The E. end wall of the S. aisle was in part rebuilt, incorporating a new window in the 14th-century style in replacement of one of five four-centred and transomed lights in a square head of the 16th century; the nave and S. aisle floors, which had been raised level with that of the N. aisle in 1830, were again lowered; the nave roof was repaired; the chancel, S. aisle and tower roofs were renewed, and extensive alterations were made in the fittings. (A copy of G. E. Street's plan of the church, showing the rebuilding proposed, and photographs before and during restoration are in the Commission's archives together with miscellaneous correspondence, early guides, etc. See also Hutchins I, 150–4; British Arch. Assocn. Journ., XXVIII (1872), 289–95, 400–1; Building News, 21 May 1869, 22 October 1875, 30 April 1909; Dorset Procs. VIII (1887), 49; E. Venables, Historical Sketch of Bere Regis, etc. (Dorchester, 1882).) Bere   Regis   church   is   of   some   note   architecturally   and   of   interest   for   an   involved   structural   development   extending   from   the   mid 11th century to modern times. The tower is among the more imposing late Gothic towers in the county; the nave roof of c. 1500 is remarkable,    and    the    early    16th-century    recessed    canopied    table-tombs    belong    to    an    interesting    group    of    locally    made monuments that had a wide distribution. Architectural   Description—The   Chancel   (32½   ft.   by   17   ft.)   has   a   chamfered   plinth   and   diagonal   buttresses   in   two   stages.   The gable   of   the   E.   wall   is   a   modern   rebuilding;   it   has   a   stone   coping.   The   N.   and   S.   walls   finish   in   simple   eaves.   The   tracery   of   the three-light   E.   window   is   of   1875   but   the   reset   jambs,   mullions,   chamfered   rear   arch   and   moulded   label   with   head-stops   of   a   man and   a   woman   are   of   the   late   13th   century;   internally   the   splays   and   mullions   have   engaged   shafts   with   moulded   capitals   and bases.   In   the   N.   wall   are   three   late   15th-century   windows   each   of   three   cinque-foiled   lights   with   vertical   tracery   in   a   two-centred head   with   a   moulded   label   finished   with   head-stops   and   with   a   hollow-chamfered   rear   arch;   the   westernmost   reveal   has   been   in part   cut   back   for   a   squint   from   the   Morton   Chapel.   The   S.   wall   contains   three   windows   similar   to   those   opposite,   also   with   the westernmost   reveal   cut   back   for   a   squint,   and   a   late   15th-century   doorway   with   a   moulded   two-centred   head   enriched   with paterae;   the   mouldings   are   continued   down   the   jambs   to   chamfered   stops;   the   label   has   carved   head-stops.   Of   the   two   squints, the   N.   is   roughly   cut   and   of   indeterminate   date;   the   S.,   probably   in   part   of   the   14th   and   in   part   of   the   15th   century,   has   a chamfered   half-arch   to   the   E.   and,   to   the   W.,   a   wide   14th-century   opening   with   a   two-centred   chamfered   head   and   jambs   fitted with   a   plain   mediaeval   wrought-iron   grille.   The   14th-century   chancel   arch   has   been   partly   rebuilt   with   some   of   the   old   material, probably   in   the   15th   century;   it   is   two-centred   and   of   two   chamfered   orders;   the   inner   order   dies   out   into   the   responds,   the   outer butts   into   them   with   the   chamfer   continuing   down   to   restored   chamfered   plinths.   On   the   W.,   between   the   S.   respond   and   the opening   to   the   S.   squint   are   the   mutilated   remains   of   a   small   respond-shaft   with   a   moulded   base;   reset   above   it   is   a   moulded voussoir   with   lozenge-diaper   enrichment;   the   first,   of   c.   1100,   no   doubt   is   part   of   an   altar   recess   that   flanked   a   narrow   earlier chancel   arch.   Over   the   chancel   arch,   seen   from   outside,   is   the   weathering   of   an   earlier   roof   to   the   chancel;   the   cross   on   the gable end above is the only one not renewed in 1875 though the gable itself was largely rebuilt. The   Nave   (58   ft.   by   20   ft.)   has   the   arches   in   the   N.   wall   standing   at   the   N.   aisle   floor   level   which   is   1¼   ft.   above   the   nave   floor. The   wall   of   the   E.   bay   is   thicker   than   the   rest   of   the   wall   westward   and   on   a   different   alignment;   it   is   of   c.   1050,   in   part   refaced towards   the   nave   in   the   mid   12th   century,   and   contains   an   early   13th-century   arched   opening   with   hollow-chamfered   imposts continued   to   the   break   back   to   the   thinner   wall   further   W.;   the   arch   is   two-centred   and   of   two   chamfered   orders;   both   orders evidently   became   deformed   but   only   the   inner   has   since   been   rebuilt   true;   the   dressings   are   insertions   and   the   whole   probably represents   a   remodelling   of   an   earlier   feature.   Over   the   E.   haunch   is   a   rectangular   doorway   to   the   rood   stair.   The   first   three   bays of   the   arcade   of   c.   1200   further   to   the   W.   have   two-centred   arches   with   two   plain   orders   on   the   S.   and   flush   faces   on   the   N. carried   respectively   on   a   chamfered   corbel   on   the   E.   respond,   two   circular   piers   with   plain   moulded   capitals   and   restored   bases and,   on   the   W.,   a   rectangular   chamfered   pier   with   chamfered   impost.   The   W.   half   of   this   last   pier   was   formed   and   faced   in   the 13th   century   when   the   further   bay   was   added;   in   this   last   the   arch   is   two-centred   and   of   two   chamfered   orders   springing   from   a W.   respond   with   a   chamfered   impost   partly   buried   in   the   tower   wall.   The   five   windows   of   the   clearstorey   differ   in   date:   the easternmost   is   of   c.   1500,   of   two   four-centred   lights   in   a   square   head;   the   rest,   of   the   late   15th   century,   have   each   two   trefoiled lights   in   a   square   moulded   head   with   moulded   jambs   and   a   flat   rear   arch.   The   E.   bay   of   the   S.   arcade   contains   a   14th-century two-centred   arch   of   two   chamfered   orders   dying   out   into   the   flush   wall-face   between   nave   and   S.   aisle   on   the   E.   and   springing from   a   renewed   circular   pier   on   the   W.;   the   retooled   capital   of   the   pier,   decorated   with   paterae   and   heater-shaped   shields   each charged   with   a   cross,   is   a   base   reused   and   inverted.   The   next   three   bays   have   two-centred   arches   of   two   orders   with   a   chevron- enriched   label   on   the   N.   and   with   a   flush   face   and   chamfered   label   on   the   S.;   the   piers   are   circular,   the   second   and   third   having mid   12th-century   chamfered   abaci   and   capitals   carved   with   drapery-like   scalloping   and   grotesque   figures   and   heads,   including those   of   a   king,   a   man   holding   his   head,   a   hound   baiting   a   bear,   and   a   monkey,   bringing   the   square   of   the   abacus   to   the   round   of the   pier   (Plate   7).   The   bases,   including   the   base   of   the   first   pier,   are   moulded   and   with   rounded   spurs   on   square   stepped   and chamfered   sub-bases   with   chevron   ornament.   The   fourth   pier   is   circular   and   the   E.   half   is   of   the   mid   12th   century   with   a scalloped   capital   while   the   W.   half   is   of   the   13th   century   with   a   plain   capital.   The   13th-century   arch   in   the   fifth   bay   is   two-centred, of   two   chamfered   orders,   and   the   W.   respond   is   half-round   with   a   moulded   capital   and   modern   base.   The   five   clearstorey windows are similar to the more westerly in the N. wall. The   Morton   Chapel   and   North   Aisle   (13   ft.   wide)   are   without   structural   division   and   entered   up   two   steps   from   the   nave.   The chapel   occupies   one   bay   and   is   an   early   16th-century   rebuilding   of   the   earlier   transept;   the   ashlar   bonding   at   the   junction   of   the former   W.   wall   of   the   transept   and   the   nave   wall   remains   visible   in   the   latter   at   clearstorey   level.   The   chapel   has   a   double   plinth, a   diagonal   buttress   on   the   N.E.   and   a   modern   buttress   at   the   junction   with   the   N.   aisle;   in   the   external   angle   between   the   E.   wall and   the   chancel   is   the   two-sided   projection   of   the   16th-century   rood   stair. The   restored   E.   window   is   of   three   four-centred   lights   in a   square   casementmoulded   head   with   moulded   jambs;   the   N.   window   is   similar   to   it.   The   N.   aisle   is   without   plinth   or   buttresses; in   the   N.   wall   are   three   reset   late   15th-century   windows   each   of   three   cinque-foiled   lights   in   a   square   casement-moulded   head with   moulded   jambs.   The   reset   14th-century   N.   doorway,   between   the   second   and   third   windows,   has   a   restored   two-centred head   with   the   mouldings   continued   down   the   jambs   to   plain   stops;   the   rear   arch   is   triangular   and   chamfered. The   reset   late   15th- century   W.   window   is   of   three   trefoiled   lights   with   vertical   tracery   in   a   triangular   head,   head   and   jambs   being   casement-moulded; below   the   window   and   to   the   S.   is   some   earlier   walling   and   the   sill   of   a   blocked   13th-century   lancet   window.   Along   the   S.   wall over the nave arcade are the shaped corbels of an earlier roof. The   South   Aisle   (16   ft.   wide)   has   had   the   whole   of   the   upper   part   of   the   E.   wall   rebuilt,   and   the   E.   window   with   net   tracery   is entirely   late   19th-century.   The   upper   part   of   the   14th-century   S.   wall   has   been   rebuilt   in   flint   with   brick   courses,   the   easternmost of   the   three   short   two-stage   buttresses   having   the   initials   and   date   MS   1760.   The   E.   window   in   the   S.   wall   (Plate   32)   is   of   the 16th   century,   probably   c.   1535,   and   has   five   ogee   cinque-foiled   lights   with   two   whole   and   two   part   quatrefoils   in   the   tracery   all   in a   three-centred   opening   in   a   square   head   with   blank   shields   and   ribands   in   the   spandrels;   the   square   moulded   label   has   stops carved   with   demi-angels,   much   worn.   The   elliptical   rear   arch   and   splays   are   elaborated   with   rectangular,   quatre-foiled   and trefoiled   panels.   Further   W.   is   a   partly   destroyed   18th-century   doorway   in   brick,   now   blocked,   with   segmental   head.   The   reset second   window   is   of   the   14th   century   with   three   ogee-trefoiled   lights   and   net   tracery   in   a   two-centred   head   with   a   two-centred and   chamfered   rear   arch. The   third   and   the   W.   windows   are   late   19th-century. The   rebuilt   14th-century   S.   doorway   is   two-centred with the mouldings of the head continued down the jambs to shaped stops; the rear arch is two-centred and chamfered. The   West   Tower   (13   ft.   by   12   ft.)   is   of   c.   1500   and   in   three   stages   (Plate   2)   with   a   moulded   plinth,   moulded   strings,   two-stage inset   angle   buttresses   ending   in   tall   pinnacled   standards,   and   an   embattled   parapet   with   crocketed   pinnacles   and   gargoyles. The polygonal   stair   turret   at   the   N.W.   angle   rises   above   the   parapet   and   has   engaged   standards   with   pinnacles   standing   on   the topmost   string   at   the   free   corners   and   smaller   pinnacles   on   the   plain   parapet.   The   moulded   tower   arch   is   two-centred   and springs   from   shafted   responds,   the   soffit   and   reveals   containing   heights   of   paired   panels   with   trefoiled   heads.   In   the   N.   wall   is   the doorway   to   the   stair,   with   a   four-centred   chamfered   head.   The   W.   doorway   has   moulded   jambs   and   a   four-centred   arch   in   a square   head   with   foliate   spandrels;   flanking   the   doorway   are   plain   standards   set   diagonally   supporting   a   capping   continued   as   a label   and   a   string.   The   restored   W.   window   has   four   transomed   lights   with   a   large   centre   mullion   and   vertical   tracery   in   a   two- centred   head,   all   within   a   continuous   casement   moulding;   the   heads   of   the   lights   below   the   transom   are   trefoiled,   above   cinque- foiled;   the   moulded   label   returns   across   the   other   faces   of   the   tower   as   a   string.   Flanking   the   window   are   two   niches   with   corbels carved   with   angels   holding   blank   shields;   their   moulded   standards   carry   crocketed   canopies   and   pinnacles.   The   second   stage has   in   the   N.   wall   an   original   window   of   one   four-centred   light   in   a   square   casement-moulded   head;   inside,   the   clock   chamber   is entered   through   a   doorway   with   an   original   stop-chamfered   timber   frame.   The   third   stage   has   in   each   face   a   three-light   double- transomed   window   with   blind   tracery   in   a   four-centred   head   within   a   continuous   casement   moulding;   the   lights   below   both transoms   have   elliptical   heads,   the   others   are   ogee,   and   the   two   upper   heights   are   filled   with   pierced   stone   panelling   with quatrefoil   and   star-pattern   openings;   the   lower   lights   are   blocked.   The   moulded   labels   have   human   and   beast-head   stops,   some defaced, and the rear arches are segmental-pointed. The   South   Porch   (10¼   ft.   by   12½   ft.),   of   early   16th-century   origin,   has   been   rebuilt;   the   S.   archway   and   the   windows   in   the   E. and W. walls are of the late 19th century. The   Roof   of   the   chancel   is   of   1875;   the   design   is   said   to   have   been   based   on   fragments   of   a   mediaeval   roof   found   in   situ.   The late   15th-century   timber   roof   of   the   nave   (Plates   68,   69)   is   in   five   bays   divided   and   flanked   by   tie   beams   with   arched   braces meeting   in   the   centre   and   springing   from   hammer   beams   with   curved   struts   that   continue   the   lines   of   the   braces   to   give   the appearance   of   two-centred   arched   supports   to   the   ties;   the   struts   and   wall   posts   stand   on   shaped   stone   corbels;   standing   on   the tie   beams   are   king   posts,   queen   posts   and   two   subsidiary   side   posts   with   cusped   struts   supporting   the   ridge   and   the   four   purlins respectively. The   trusses   are   elaborately   enriched,   with   tracery   and   foiled   infilling   in   the   spandrels   and   trefoiled   cusping   along   the under   side   of   the   braces   and   struts.   At   the   junctions   of   the   braces   are   large   bosses   crudely   carved   with   (1)   foliage,   (2)   male head,   (3)   shield   with   a   modern   or   restored   painting   of   the   arms   of   Morton,   (4)   Tudor   rose,   (5)   knot,   (6)   shield   of   St.   George.   The ends   of   the   hammer   beams   are   carved   with   full-length   figures,   probably   of   the Apostles   but   so   many   of   the   attributes   are   broken away   that   only   five   are   perhaps   identifiable:   N.   side,   (1)   St.   Matthew,   (3)   St.   Philip   (?);   S.   side,   (3)   St.   James   the   Great,   (4)   St. Peter,   (6)   St.   James   the   Less.   Midway   between   the   trusses   are   secondary   principals   with   bosses   at   the   intersections   with   ridge and   purlins   carved   with   human   heads   and   foliage.   In   1875   the   roof   was   extensively   repaired,   renewals   being   carved   by   Harry Hems   of   Exeter,   and   regilded   and   recoloured   by   Messrs.   Clayton   and   Bell   (R.C.H.M.   archives). The   colouring   has   been   renewed again   in   the   present   century.   The   Morton   Chapel   retains   the   original   roof   of   c.   1500   with   intersecting   moulded   beams   and   wall- plates   forming   four   panels. The   restored   late   15th-century   lean-to   roof   of   the   N.   aisle   is   in   five   bays   divided   by   moulded   principals supported on stone corbels and supporting moulded purlins. The roofs of the S. aisle and the tower are of 1875. (A.R.D.) Fittings—Altar:   In   chancel,   Purbeck   marble   slab   with   two   incised   crosses   and   part   of   a   third,   the   lower   edge   hollow-chamfered, mediaeval,   repaired   and   set   on   modern   base   to   form   main   altar.   Bells:   six;   2nd,   1656,   probably   by   Thomas   Purdue;   4th   by   John Wallis   of   Salisbury,   1602;   5th   by   Thomas   and   William   Knight,   1709;   6th   by   Clement   Tosier,   1698,   and   given   by   Mary   Dyet. Brackets   etc.:   In   nave—on   E.   wall,   N.   of   chancel   arch   at   about   springing-level,   shaped   stone   corbel,   probably   for   back   of   rood loft;   on   N.   and   S.   walls   at   the   same   level   as   the   foregoing   and   one   bay   W.,   probably   for   the   front   bressummer   of   the   rood   loft,   two carved   corbels,   the   N.   defaced,   the   S.   with   the   carved   figure   of   a   man   with   large   head   wearing   close-fitting   round   cap   and pleated   gown   with   shoulder-cape,   c.   1400.   In   Morton   Chapel—flanking   E.   window,   at   different   levels,   and   differing   slightly   in detail,   two   half-octagonal   moulded   stone   corbels   with   concave   sides   and   flared   stems,   c.   1500;   on   E.   splay   of   N.   window, moulded   stone   corbel   supported   by   flying   angel,   c.   1500.   Brasses   and   Indents.   Brasses:   in   N.   aisle—on   N.   wall,   (1)   to   Andrew Loup,   1637,   reset   triangular-headed   plate   with   long   Latin   inscription   and   shield-of-arms   of   Loup;   (2)   to   [Henry]   Fisher   [1773], small,   finely   engraved   with   emblems   of   mortality.   In   S.   aisle,   (3)   to   Robert   Turbervyle,   1559,   plate   with   black-letter   inscription (now   reset   on   E.   wall).   See   also   Monuments   (1,   5).   Indents:   in   W.   tower—in   floor-slabs,   (1)   of   rectangular   plate;   (2)   of   inscription plate   and   shield,   c.   1500,   the   slab   with   illegible   black-letter   inscription;   (3)   of   figure   and   inscription   plate,   c.   1500,   much   worn.   See also Monuments (2, 4, 5). Chairs:   In   chancel,   two,   made   up   with   15th-century   linenfold   panelling   and   mediaeval   and   modern   material.   Chest:   In   N.   aisle,   of wood,   3   ft.   2   ins.   long,   panelled   and   inscribed   with   names   of   churchwardens   and   date   1716.   Clock:   Works   (Plate   5),   now   in D.C.M.,   with   elaborate   wrought-iron   frame,   made   by   Lawrence   Boyce   of   Piddletown,   1719.   Consecration   Cross:   In   nave,   on   W. face   of   E.   respond   of   N.   arcade,   painted   on   plaster   in   red   outlined   in   black,   13th-century.   Font   (Plate   8):   In   W.   tower,   circular straight-sided   bowl   with   shallow   carved   decoration,   partly   hacked   away,   of   interlacing   round-headed   arches   with   open   flowers   in roundels   above,   moulded   necking,   12th-century,   on   late   19th-century   stem   and   moulded   base;   in   top   of   bowl   the   remains   of fastenings for a cover. Ironwork: see Architectural Description, Chancel. Monuments   and   Floor-slabs.   Monuments:   In   chancel—against   N.   wall,   (1)   to   John   Skerne,   [1593],   freestone   table-tomb   (Plate 14)   with   brasses   and   canopy   erected   by   Margaret   (Thornhull)   his   wife   in   1596,   tomb-chest   with   moulded   plinth   and   square- panelled   front   and   ends,   the   panels   containing   blank   shields   enclosed   in   sub-cusped   quatrefoils,   the   top   slab   with   moulded edges   and   remains   of   wrought-iron   guard   and   carrying   two   reeded   and   fluted   columns   and   half-column   responds   supporting   the canopy   and   continued   up   as   corner-posts   with   knob   finials;   the   back   wall   divided   by   pilaster   buttresses   into   three   bays   containing brasses,   in   the   middle   an   achievement-of-arms   of   Skerne   impaling   Thornhull   (Fig.   p.   16)   with   a   separate   inscription   below,   in   the W.   the   kneeling   figure   of   a   man   in   civilian   dress,   and   in   the   E.   a   woman;   the   canopy   with   a   cornice   decorated   with   quatrefoils   and blind   brattishing   and   a   soffit   (Plate   15)   with   unusual   decoration   including   enriched   bosses,   a   quatrefoil,   and   diapered   panels enclosing   star-shaped   sinkings   (cf.   Church   Knowle   parish   church,   Monument   1).   In   N.   aisle—on   N.   wall,   (2)   mutilated   reset fragments   of   a   stone   monument   similar   to   (4)   comprising   the   canopy   with   the   traceried   soffit   set   flush   and   the   three   wall-panels with   brass   indents   of   a   kneeling   figure   of   a   knight   wearing   a   tabard   and   with   a   scroll,   inscription   plate   and   smaller   plate   (probably a   Trinity),   and   of   a   shield   in   each   side   panel,   16th-century,   first   half;   (3)   to   Robert,   [1631],   son   of   John   Williams   of   Herringston, and   Maria   (Argenton)   his   wife,   [1630],   wall-monument   of   painted   clunch   erected   by   L   W   (probably   his   son,   Lewis   Williams)   in 1631,   consisting   of   a   gilded   inscription   panel   flanked   by   attached   Tuscan   columns   supporting   a   cornice   and   pyramidal   strapwork composition   framing   a   shield   of   the   quarterly   arms   of   Williams,   De   La   Lynde,   Herring,   Syward,   all   impaling Argenton.   In   S.   aisle— in   E.   wall,   (4)   canopied   tomb   of   Purbeck   marble   with   brass   indents,   the   front   with   quatre-foiled   panels,   now   almost   entirely defaced,   and   moulded   capping   supporting   part-octagonal   attached   shafts   carrying   the   canopy;   the   back   wall   slightly   recessed, with   trefoil-headed   panels   in   the   reveals,   and   containing   partly   defaced   brass   indents   of   two   kneeling   figures   of   a   man   and   wife, an   inscription   plate   below   and   a   scroll   between   them,   and   flanking   shields;   the   canopy   with   a   band   of   quatrefoils   across   the   front and   blind   brattishing,   the   soffit   carved   with   a   central   boss   of   fan-pattern   flanked   by   elaborate   tracery-work,   16th-century,   first   half, much   decayed;   in   S.   wall,   (5)   Purbeck   marble   tomb   of   similar   type   to   (1)   and   (4)   above,   the   front   containing   blank   shields,   that   in the   centre   having   had   an   applied   brass   shield,   framed   in   sub-cusped   quatrefoils   in   square   traceried   panels   alternating   with narrower   trefoil-headed   panels   and   with   spirally-moulded   shafts   at   each   end;   the   recess   above   with   flanking   spirally-turned shafts   and   panelled   reveals,   the   E.   reveal   containing   a   small   recess   with   cinque-foiled   ogee   head   and   bracket;   the   back   wall divided   into   three   compartments,   with   brass   indents   of   a Trinity   flanked   by   kneeling   figures   of   a   knight   and   wife   with   scrolls   and   of an   inscription   panel   below;   the   front   of   the   canopy   decorated   with   a   band   of   quatrefoils   and   blind   brattishing,   the   soffit   (Plate   15) with   two   bosses   and   elaborately   carved   tracery,   16th-century,   first   half;   (6)   tomb   recess,   E.   springer   only   of   arch   surviving,   with pierced   cusp,   probably   14th-century;   (7)   in   wall-recess,   tomb   with   plain   front   and   Purbeck   top   slab   with   chamfered   under-edge, recess   with   septfoiled   elliptical   arch   under   an   ogee   label,   this   last   much   defaced,   the   foils   with   sunk   spandrels,   14th-century.   In W.   tower—on   S.   wall,   (8)   to   Harvey   Ekins,   1799,   and   M.   Elizabeth   his   widow,   1806,   white   and   grey   marble   wall-monument   with fluted   side   pilasters,   urn   and   blank   shield;   (9)   of   Harvey   Ekins   Lillington,   a   great-nephew   of   Harvey   Ekins   (see   foregoing),   1819, white   and   black   marble   wall-tablet.   Outside—on   N.   wall   of   chancel,   (10)   to   John   Wills,   vicar,   1725/6,   white   marble   wall-tablet   on foliated   corbel,   erected   by   his   wife   Maria.   In   churchyard—E.   of   chancel,   (11)   to   John,   son   of   John   and   Elizabeth   Stanly,   1701/2, and   another,   name   concealed,   headstone;   N.   of   church,   (12)   to   Jasper   Guy,   1695,   headstone;   (13)   to   David   Guy,   1695, headstone;   (14)   to   Mary   and   Abis,   daughters   of   William   and   Mary   Whelch,   1704,   headstone;   S.   of   church,   (15)   to   John,   son   of Thomas   and   Anna   Boscomb,   1713,   headstone;   (16)   to   Jonathan   Burges,   1682,   headstone;   (17)   to   Joy,   son   of   James   Burges, 1676,   headstone;   (18)   to   Andrew   Sexey,   1691,   carved   headstone;   (19)   to   Samuel   Rutter,   1722,   carved   headstone;   (20)   foot- stone inscribed WT.ET.TS. 1695. 1699. Floor-slabs: In chancel—two modern floor-tiles, marking the position of floor-slabs beneath concealed in 1875, inscribed (1) RW, 1631, (Robert, second son of John Williams of Herringston) and MW, 1630, (Mary (Argenton) his wife), and (2) GA, 1701, (Gulielmus Abell, A.M., vicar). In nave, in second bay of N. arcade, (3) to Thomas . . . ., 1608, with black-letter inscription, largely illegible. In S. aisle—(4) to John Turberville of 'Beere' and Woolbridge and Ann (Howard) his wife, daughter of Thomas, Viscount Bindon, 1633; (5) over the Turberville vault, dated 1710. In W. tower, (6) with traces of black-letter inscription, illegible. See also Brass Indent (2). Niches:   see   Architectural   Description   of   W.   Tower.   Panelling:   In   N.   aisle—on   N.   wall,   towards   W.   end,   six   arcaded   panels   with strapwork   and   jewel-ornament,   possibly   of   former   pulpit,   and   some   plain   panels   in   moulded   framing,   17th-century,   reset;   reused in   screen   to   vestry,   eight   linenfold   panels,   early   16th-century.   Piscinae:   In   chancel—in   S.   wall,   with   moulded   cinque-foiled   head and   jambs   and   stone   shelf,   front   edge   of   sill   shaped   into   two   three-sided   projections   carried   on   pair   of   moulded   and   ribbed corbels,   E.   half   containing   foiled   dishing   to   drain,   mid   14th-century.   In   S.   aisle—   in   S.   wall,   with   ogee   cinque-foiled   chamfered head   and   jambs,   sill   cut   back   and   foiled   sinking   and   drain   partly   destroyed,   late   15th-century.   Plate:   includes   cup   by   I.G.,   6½   ins. high,   with   straight   tapered   sides   on   plain   flared   stem,   1664;   stand-paten   by   D.B.,   9   ins.   diam.,   with   gadroon   border,   1693, engraved   with   achievement-of-arms   of   Williams   of   Herringston;   smaller   stand-paten   by   C.O.,   6½   ins.   diam.,   of   similar   design, 1698;   stand-paten,   47/8   ins.   diam.   bought   in   1876   but   older;   two   flagons   with   straight   tapering   sides   and   scrolled   handles,   1811 and 1812, given by the vicar, Thomas Williams; straight-sided pewter flagon, 17th-century. Seating:   In   nave,   thirteen   bench   ends   (Plate   67)   incorporated   in   backs   of   modern   pews,   elaborately   carved   with   tracerypatterns and   linenfolds   incorporating   initials,   H   B   and   R   C,   shield   with   date   1547,   others   with   pelican   in   piety,   merchant's   mark   with   initials HAC, and inscription: ION DAV WARDEN OF THYS CHARYS (Figs. pp. 18, 188). Bere Regis Church. Seating; bench-end Sundial:   reset   in   E.   buttress   of   S.   aisle,   fragment   of   scratch   dial,   mediaeval.   Tables:   in   vestry,   of   yew,   with   shaped   legs   and   hoof- shaped   feet,   given   by   Henry   Fisher,   vicar   1725–73.   In   S.   aisle,   with   turned   and   twisted   legs   and   stretchers   and   shaped   bearers to   plain   top,   early   18th-century.   Miscellanea:   Carved   stones—in   S.   wall   of   S.   porch,   carved   voussoir   similar   to   that   in   E.   wall   of nave   (see   Architectural   Description   above),   mid   12th-century;   built   into   N.   aisle,   fragments   of   moulded   and   carved   stones including   small   delicately   carved   foliated   capital   of   c.   1200;   in   S.   arcade,   two   stone   heads;   in   S.   porch,   fragments   of   two   coffin- lids   with   Calvary   crosses,   part   of   plain   stone   cross,   and   small   Purbeck   marble   slab   decorated   with   quatrefoils.   On   outside   of   N. aisle,   16th-century   moulded   stone   fragment   with   shield-of-arms   (unidentified   1).   Over   S.   door,   two   firemen's   wrought-iron   thatch- hooks, with chains but no staves, 17th or 18th-century. Secular The   following   houses   unless   otherwise   described   are   of   two   storeys   with   cob   walls   and   thatched   roofs;   the   barns   are   of   similar building materials. Bere Regis, Plan showing the Position of the Monuments West Street North side: b(2)   House,   of   brick   with   a   tiled   roof,   was   built   in   the   late   18th   century.   Two   bay   windows   were   added   on   the   S.   in   the   19th century. b(3)   House,   of   two   storeys   and   attics,   with   brick   walls,   rendered   and   painted,   and   a   tiled   roof,   was   built   in   the   second   half   of   the 18th century. The back wing is a later addition. b(4) House was built in the early 17th century; on plan it has a central chimney and two rooms. b(5)   House,   of   two   storeys   and   attics,   built   of   brick   with   tiled   roofs   with   stone   verges,   is   of   the   early   18th   century.   The   front originally   had   two   ground-floor   windows   and   a   doorway   on   the   W.,   a   brick   plinth,   a   plat-band   marking   the   first   floor   and   an   eaves cornice   of   headers   set   on   edge   and   alternately   glazed.   The   two   first-floor   windows   flank   a   rectangular   sunk   brick   panel.   The   end gables   have   moulded   brick   copings   and   kneelers.   The   plan   (below)   comprises   a   side   passage,   a   large   front   room   with   a   small room   opening   from   it   E.   of   the   stairs,   and   a   N.   kitchen   wing;   but   there   is   nothing   to   show   that   the   passage   is   an   original   feature, and   the   purpose   of   the   small   room   is   uncertain.   About   the   middle   of   the   19th   century   a   bay   window   was   added   in   place   of   the ground-floor windows. b(6) Cottage, of brick with a thatched roof, is of the early 19th century. It has a symmetrical elevation with a central doorway. b(7) House with shop was built in the early 19th century. It has a brick plinth and, towards the E. end, a separate shopentrance. c(8) Cottages, two, were built probably in the 18th century; the E. cottage has been refaced in brickwork. Parish of Bere Regis: Houses in West Street c(9)   House   was   built   in   the   early   18th   century.   The   plan   (below)   comprises   a   central   staircase   with   the   principal   room   to   the   E. and   the   kitchen   to   the   W.   Behind   the   staircase   is   a   small   room   of   uncertain   purpose. The   porch,   of   two   storeys   and   of   brick   with   a tiled   and   gabled   roof,   was   added   probably   c.   1800.   Part   of   the   back   wall   has   been   rebuilt   in   brick   and   outhouses   have   been added. South side: b(10)   'Royal   Oak',   public   house,   at   the   S.W.   corner   of   the   cross   roads,   of   two   storeys   and   attics,   is   of   the   early   19th   century.   It   is built   of   brick,   the   N.   and   E.   sides   being   in   blue   headers   with   red   dressings;   the   roofs   are   tiled.   The   N.   side   has   a   central   doorway flanked by two three-light windows, three similar windows on the first floor and three dormer windows with hipped roofs. b(11)   House,   of   brickwork   in   Flemish   bond   with   blue   headers,   is   of   the   late   18th   century.   The   plan   comprises   two   rooms,   each with a fireplace in the gable wall, and a straight staircase between them. b(12)   House   is   probably   of   the   17th   century.   It   was   renovated   and   sash   windows   were   inserted   towards   the   end   of   the   18th century, when, probably, a small Barn at the E. end was added. (Remodelled) b(13)   House,   of   two   storeys   and   with   a   back   wing   of   one   storey,   was   built   of   brick   in   Flemish   bond   about   the   middle   of   the   18th century.   The   E.   ground-floor   window   on   the   N.   side   has   a   segmental   head   of   alternate   red   and   blue   headers.   The   plan   (see   p. 18)   is   L-shaped,   comprising   two   main   rooms,   which   were   probably   a   parlour   to   the   W.   and   a   kitchen.   The   absence   of   a   doorway between   the   E.   room   and   the   back   wing   suggests   that   the   latter   served   some   farm   purpose,   perhaps   as   a   dairy.   In   the   second quarter   of   the   19th   century   a   general   renovation   included   the   addition   of   an   entrance   lobby,   a   bay   window   and   a   back   porch. Perhaps   at   this   time   the   fireplace   with   an   oven   on   one   side   was   inserted   in   the   back   wing,   though   the   wing   remained   perhaps   a bakehouse   and   brew-house   rather   than   a   kitchen.   On   the   first   floor   the   W.   room   has   an   original   fireplace-surround   with   eared architrave and moulded shelf. b(14)   Manor   Farm,   house,   of   brick   with   a   tiled   roof,   is   of   the   first   half   of   the   18th   century.   The   brickwork   is   in   English   bond   with blue headers. b(15)   House,   with   a   slated   roof,   was   built   probably   in   the   18th   century.   It   has   been   converted   into   two   cottages   and   greatly altered.   A   Barn   to   the   E.,   of   the   17th   century,   retained   a   single   post   forming   the   foot   of   a   scarfed-cruck   truss   until   demolished (1958). b(16)   and   (17)   Barns   have   brick   plinths   and   are   both   of   the   early   19th   century,   although   not   of   exactly   the   same   date.   They   are comparatively small, of four bays, and have large opposed doors without porches. (Demolished) b(18) Cottage is of the late 18th century. The E. wall is of brickwork in Flemish bond with blue headers.   North Street East side: b(19)   House   was   built   in   the   late   17th   or   early   18th   century   when   it   must   have   had   a   range   of   three   rooms,   the   middle   one unheated. It was greatly altered towards the middle of the 19th century. b(20) House is probably of the 17th century. It has been partly refaced in brick and altered inside. b(21)   House   is   of   the   early   17th   century   and   consists   of   a   range   of   three   rooms.   The   chimney-stack   stands   between   two   rooms and to the side of it is the entrance lobby. The house has been much altered. b(22)   Houses,   two,   of   rendered   brick,   with   slated   roofs,   were   built   as   a   pair   towards   the   middle   of   the   19th   century.   They   have symmetrical elevations. b(23)   House   was   built   in   the   late   16th   or   early   17th   century   when   the   plan   comprised   two   rooms   each   with   a   fireplace   in   the gable wall. It has been extended on two sides in the 18th and 19th centuries. b(24)   House,   of   one   storey   and   attics,   is   of   similar   plan   and   date   to   (23).   A   third   room   was   added   to   the   N.   in   the   early   18th century and a Cottage at the S. end in the early 19th century. West side: b(25) Cottage, of brick with a tiled roof, was built probably at the end of the 18th century. b(26)   Cottages,   a   pair,   of   brick   with   tiled   roofs   with   stone   slate   verges,   were   built   in   the   late   18th   century.   They   share   a   common doorway in a symmetrical frontage. b(27) Cottages, two, one double-fronted, are of the late 18th century. c(28) Cottages, two, were formed in the 19th century in a late 18th-century range of stabling. c(29)   House,   on   Barrow   Hill,   of   brick   with   a   slated   roof,   is   of   the   first   half   of   the   18th   century;   it   is   said   to   have   been   the schoolmaster's   house   and   may   well   have   been   built   about   the   time   that   the   adjacent   school   was   founded   in   1719.   The   brickwork is   in   Flemish   bond   with   blue   headers   and   a   platband   marking   the   first   floor. The   original   plan   comprised   two   rooms.   Entrance   was through   a   porch   and   lobby   to   one   side   of   the   central   chimney.   The   house   has   been   divided   and   altered.   The   school   has   been rebuilt with the original date panel reset. c(30)   Cottages,   on   the   E.   side   of   Butt   Lane,   form   a   range   of   five   with   a   sixth,   detached,   to   the   S.   They   are   of   the   18th   and   early 19th centuries. c(31) Cottage, on Snow Hill, is early Victorian. b(32) House, in Blind Street, is of the 17th century but has been extensively altered at several different dates. b(33)   Court   Farm,   house,   S.E.   of   the   church,   is   L-shaped   on   plan.   The   oldest   part   is   the   S.   end   of   the   W.   wing,   which   is   of   the late   17th   or   early   18th   century;   it   is   of   rubble   with   a   tiled   roof,   the   window   heads   are   turned   in   brick   and   the   S.   gable   has   a moulded   coping   and   parapet.   The   mid   18th-century   N.   end   of   the   wing   is   of   brick.   The   brick   E.   wing   with   a   symmetrical   S.   front was   added   in   the   early   19th   century. The   wings   now   form   two   separate   houses. The   plan   of   the   E.   wing   comprises   a   lobby   facing a straight flight of stairs between living room and kitchen; the S. wing was altered to a similar plan in the 19th century.   Shitterton House   (841949)   is   of   one   storey   with   attics;   it   was   built   of   flint   with   lacing-courses   of   squared   stone   in   the   late   16th   century.   The S.W.   end   of   the   front   wall   has   been   rebuilt,   perhaps   in   cob,   probably   in   the   early   19th   century;   the   S.W.   gable   wall   was   rebuilt   in rubble   at   some   uncertain   date,   and   the   back   wall   patched   in   brick   in   the   18th   century. A   cottage   was   added   on   the   N.E.   end   in   the late   18th   century.   The   16th-century   plan   consists   of   a   range   of   three   rooms.   In   the   S.W.   room,   which   has   pyramidal   stops   to   the chamfered   longitudinal   ceiling   beams,   a   small   19th-century   fireplace   replaces   the   much   larger   original;   the   N.E.   room   still   has   a large   fireplace.   The   room   in   the   middle   is   of   some   pretensions,   since   it   has   chamfered   and   stopped   ceiling   beams,   though without a fireplace; it appears to have been an unusually elaborate entrance hall. Honeycombe Cottage (referred to above)  House (840950), of one storey and attics, was built in the 17th century on a plan comprising two heated rooms.   Shitterton Farm Shitterton   Farm,   house   (839950),   of   two   storeys   and   attics,   was   built   in   brick   in   the   early   18th   century.   The   only   decorative feature   of   that   date   to   survive   is   a   plat-band   on   the   S.   wall   of   the   N.   range,   which   is   continued   in   slightly   different   brickwork   on   the W.   wall   of   the   S.   wing.   The   plan   comprised   an   entrance,   now   blocked,   opposite   the   staircase,   a   room   to   each   side   and   a   smaller unheated   room   behind   the   staircase.   The   house   seems   always   to   have   had   a   wing   to   the   S.   because   the   wall   between   the   N. range   and   the   wing   is   thinner   than   the   outside   walls,   though   the   lack   of   openings   in   the   said   wall   suggests   the   wing   was   a   dairy or   brewhouse   rather   than   a   kitchen.   In   the   middle   of   the   19th   century   the   wing   was   extended,   the   addition   being   of   one   storey and   attics,   a   porch   added,   and   the   whole   house   given   new   windows,   doors   and   fireplaces.   A   Barn,   of   brick   with   slated   roof, stands W. of the house and is of the early 18th century. Shitterton Farmhouse   Cottage, immediately W. of (34), is of the early 19th century. House, 40 yds. E.S.E. of (35), of two storeys and attics and of brick with a slated roof, was built in the late 18th century. Cottage, immediately W. of (35), is of the early 19th century.   Southbrook House   (340   yds.   S.)   has   a   slated   roof   and   symmetrical   front;   it   is   early   Victorian. Three   Cottages   immediately   adjacent   may   be   of the same date. Barn   (300   yds.   S.),   of   the   late   18th   century,   has   opposed   doors   towards   the   S.   end.   The   collar-beam   roof   trusses   are   bolted together and the common rafters are untrimmed poles.   Woodbury Hill House (855947), of brick with a tiled roof, stands near the W. rampart of the hill-fort and is of the late 18th century. Cottages,   three,   respectively   150   yds.   N.E.,   60   yds.   E.,   and   110   yds.   S.E.   of   (42),   of   brick   with   tiled   roofs,   are   of   the   late   18th   or early 19th century. Roke   Farm,   house   (834960),   of   two   storeys   and   of   brick   with   a   thatched   roof,   was   built   in   the   late   18th   century   on   an   L-shaped plan.   It   was   considerably   altered   in   the   19th   century.   Barn,   30   yds.   S.   of   the   farmhouse,   of   brick   with   a   thatched   roof,   was   built probably   in   the   middle   of   the   18th   century.   The   brickwork   bonding   is   in   two   courses   of   stretchers   alternating   with   one   course   of headers.   The   N.E.   side   and   the   N.W.   end,   that   is,   the   walls   seen   from   the   house,   have   a   high   plinth.   All   the   buttresses   have stepped offsets. The roof is divided into eleven bays by tie and collar-beam trusses. Roke   Barn   (822964)   has   timber-framed   and   weather-boarded   walls   above   a   high   brick   plinth.   It   was   built   in   the   mid   18th   century. The   timber   used   for   the   wall   studs   is   of   poor   quality   and   small   scantling;   long   curved   braces   rise   from   the   sill   to   the   principal posts.   The   roof   (p.   lxv),   of   sling-brace   type   in   seven   bays,   has   a   few   pegged   joints   but   is   mostly   fastened   together   with   wrought- iron straps.   Most of the following buildings stand in the meander valley of the river Piddle Cottages, a pair (550 yds. S.), have slated roofs and are of the early 19th century. Cottage (845938) is of the early 19th century. The plan comprises two heated rooms. Cottage (845937) is of the early 19th century and has an entrance hall between two heated rooms. Cottage (845937) Cottage   (849926),   of   one   storey   and   attics,   is   of   the   late   18th   century.   The   plan   comprised   a   living   room   and   scullery,   with   a staircase on the S. side of the fireplace in the former. Both the original doorways are now blocked. Cottage, immediately S. of (49), is of the early 19th century. It has a staircase and two heated rooms opening off a lobby. Culeaze   Farm,   house   (849922),   of   brick   and   cob   and   now   with   a   slated   roof,   was   built   in   1715.   The   back   wall   is   of   cob   and   the other   walls   are   of   brick.   The   date   is   worked   in   glazed   headers   in   the   N.   gable.   The   W.   front   is   symmetrical.   The   plan   comprises an   entrance   lobby   with   a   kitchen   to   the   S.,   a   parlour   to   the   N.,   and   a   staircase   between   the   lobby   and   an   unheated   room   behind, which   was   probably   a   pantry   entered   from   the   kitchen.   The   staircase   is   enclosed   except   on   the   first-floor   landing,   where   are   flat shaped balusters. Cottage   (854914),   at   Warren,   is   of   the   late   18th   century. The   original   plan   comprised   a   living   room   and   scullery;   it   has   been   much altered and partly rebuilt. Warren House (856912) has a tiled roof. It was built in the 17th century but enlarged in brick in the early 19th century. Snatford Cottage (855928) is of the late 18th century. The plan comprises a living room and scullery. Cottage (853929) is of the early 19th century. Cottages, a pair (854927), of brick, were built in the early 19th century. They have a central chimney-stack. Cottage (856924), at Bere Heath Farm, is of the early 19th century. Lower   Stockley   Farm,   house   (857919),   of   brick   with   a   tiled   roof,   was   built   in   the   late   18th   century.   The   brickwork   of   the   N.   side   is in   Flemish   bond   and   that   of   the   S.   side   in   English   garden-wall   bond.   The   doorway   has   a   flat   hood   on   moulded   brackets.   Many   of the original windows are blocked. Barn   (863916),   at   Philliols   Farm,   is   of   brick   and   roofed   with   modern   materials   replacing   thatch.   In   the   W.   gable   the   date   1748   is worked   in   glazed   headers.   The   single   porch   is   on   the   S.   side   (plan,   p.   lxvi).   The   Stable,   immediately   N.   of   the   barn,   is   of   brick with   a   tiled   roof.   It   is   of   the   18th   century. The   roof   trusses   have   principal   rafters   and   cambered   collars. The   18th-century   Granary, E. of the barn, is of brick. Bere   Lodge   (868913),   of   brick   with   slated   roofs,   is   of   the   early   19th   century,   octagonal,   and   with   a   timber   verandah. The   windows have round heads. Barn   (864908),   at   Woodlands,   is   of   brick   with   a   slated   roof.   It   was   built   in   the   second   half   of   the   18th   century   and   has   stepped buttresses. The N. end has been converted into a cottage. Cottage (869906), at Hyde Farm, was built of brick with a tiled roof in the late 18th century and heightened in the 19th century. Cottage   (872894),   at   Budden's   Farm,   of   brick   with   tiled   roofs,   is   of   the   late   18th   century.   Barn   (plan   p.   lxvi)   is   also   of   the   18th century and of brick, with stepped buttresses. Cottage (839932), at Mintern's Ferry, is of the early 19th century. House   (?   m.   N.E.),   at   Town's   End,   of   brick   with   tiled   roofs,   is   of   the   late   18th   century.   The   N.   wall   contains   many   glazed   headers. Barn, S.E. of the house, is of cob with a slated roof. It was built in the early 19th century.
© 2003, Bere Regis Village Website.

An Inventory of the Historical Monuments

in Dorset, Volume 2 - South East.

The Royal Commission on Historical

Monuments of England survey of Dorset,

1970.

Bere Regis Village Website
The   very   large   parish   of   Bere   Regis   covering   8,312   acres   lies 10   m.   E.N.E.   of   Dorchester   on   the   N.   edge   of   the   S.   Dorset heathland.   The   whole   of   the   S.   half   of   the   parish   is   rolling heathland,    over    Bagshot    Beds,    lying between    50    ft.    and    200    ft.    above O.D.,     across     which     the     river Frome   cuts   obliquely   from   N.W. to    S.E.    The    middle    part    is    largely occupied      by      Reading      Beds      and London   Clay   which   give   rise   to   extensive   woodland.   The   N. part   of   the   parish   is   on   Chalk   rising   to   just   over   300   ft.   above O.D.   and   in   places   cut   into   by   dry   valleys   draining   into   the Milborne   Brook,   which   crosses   this   part   of   the   parish   to   join   the Piddle in the S.E. corner. The   parish   was,   until   recently,   much   larger   and   included   the old   settlement   of   Milborne   Stileham   and   its   land   to   the   N.,   now incorporated within Milborne St. Andrew parish. There   appear   to   have   been   three   original   settlements   within the   parish,   Shitterton,   Bere   Regis   itself   and   Doddings   Farm,   all along   the   Milborne   Brook   on   the   edge   of   the   Chalk   outcrop. Late   settlements   to   the   S.   of   the   original   nuclei   took   the   form   of small   farms   on   the   heathland,   all   along   the   Piddle. These,   such as    Chamberlayne's    Farm,    Hyde    House,    Philliols    Farm    and Stockley   Farms,   are   all   first   recorded   in   the   mid   13th   to   mid 14th centuries. Bere   Regis   was   always   by   far   the   most   important   settlement, perhaps   as   a   result   of   its   royal   connection   (Hutchins   I,   136), and   it   was   made   into   a   free   borough   by   Edward   I.   It   remained for   long   an   important   market   town,   though   severe   fires   in   the 17th,   18th   and   19th   centuries   have   left   it   with   no   domestic buildings    older    than    c.    1600.    Many    of    the    17th    and    18th- century   houses   in   the   village   were   built   as   small   farmhouses, the   lands   of   which   lay   in   open   fields   on   the   Chalk   to   the   N.;   the latter   were   not   enclosed   until   1846   (Enclosure   Map   and Award, in D.C.R.O.; see also Map of Bere Regis, 1775, D.C.R.O.). The   parish   church   and   the   hill-fort   on   Woodbury   Hill   are   the principal   monuments.   The   site   of   the   royal   house   built   by   King John has not been identified. Ecclesiastical b(1)   The   Parish   Church   of   St.   John   the   Baptist   stands   in   the village.    The    walls    are    of    various    materials,    Portland    and Purbeck   stone   ashlar   in   the   chancel,   flint,   limestone   rubble   and squared   Portland   with   some   rough   alternate   coursing   in   the nave   and   N.   aisle,   flint   with   lacing-courses   of   carstone   and brick   in   the   S.   aisle,   and   predominantly   flint   and   Portland   stone in   chequer   pattern   in   the   W.   tower.   The   roofs   are   covered   with stone slates and with lead. St John's Church, Bere Regis: Architectural Development (The   position   and   size   of   the   openings,   excepting   of   those   that survive,   the   width   of   the   S.   aisle   and   the   plan   of   the   chancel prior to the 15th century are conjectural.) Enough   evidence   survives   to   show   that   the   present   building incorporates   the   remains   in   situ   of   a   cruciform   church   of   c. 1050:   these   comprise   the   E.   bay   of   the   N.   wall   of   the   Nave, containing   an   archway,   subsequently   reformed,   which   opened into   a   N.   transept,   and   possibly   the   N.   and   S.   extremities   of   the E.   wall   of   the   nave.   In   c.   1100   altar   recesses   were   formed flanking   the   earlier   chancel   arch;   of   these,   the   base   of   the   S. respond   of   the   S.   recess   alone   remains.   In   c.   1160   the   nave was   enlarged   by   rebuilding   the   S.   wall   somewhat   further   to   the S.;   included   in   the   new   S.   wall   was   an   arcade,   which   survives, opening   to   an   added   S.   aisle.   The   old   S.   transept   though   thus truncated   was   in   all   probability   retained.   In   c.   1200   an   arcade of   three   bays,   which   also   survives,   opening   to   an   added   N. aisle,   was   formed   in   the   N.   wall   of   the   nave   of   c.   1050,   the   wall co-extensive   with   it   being   entirely   rebuilt.   At   much   the   same time   the   arches   of   the   S.   arcade,   above   the   capitals,   were rebuilt.   In   the   early   13th   century   the   old   opening   between   the nave   and   the   N.   transept   was   reformed   and   thereafter   the   nave and    aisles    were    extended    one    bay    to    the    W.    In    the    14th century   the   standing   North   and   South   Aisles   were   completely rebuilt   wider,   the   width   of   the   N.   aisle   presumably   being   made uniform   with   the   depth   of   the   older   N.   transept.   The   previous truncation   of   the   S.   transept   precluded   similar   uniformity   on   the S.;    this    transept    was    therefore    demolished    and    the    space included   in   the   new   aisle,   an   enlarged   archway   being   formed   in eastward   extension   of   the   S.   nave   arcade   of   c.   1160.   At   the same time the chancel arch was enlarged. During   the   15th   century   a   notable   improvement   of   the   church was   begun.   Money   for   the   repair   of   the   Chancel   was   being collected   in   1450   and   soon   thereafter   it   was   completely   rebuilt. The    upper    parts    of    the    nave    walls    were    rebuilt    to    contain clearstorey   windows   and   by   c.   1500   the   nave   roof   was   framed and   the   West   Tower   built.   Cardinal   Morton   by   his   will   proved   in 1500   founded   a   chantry   in   the   church   for   twenty   years,   and   for it   doubtless   the   old   N.   transept   was   rebuilt,   for   this   end   of   the N.    aisle    is    by    tradition    the    Morton    Chapel;    the    rebuilding provided   an   E.   bay   uniform   with   the   rest   of   the   N.   aisle   in   place of   the   lofty   and   no   doubt   archaic   early   transept.   The   E.   end   of the    S.    aisle    is    traditionally    the    Turberville    Chapel;    John Turberville   by   his   will   of   1535   desired   to   be   buried   'in   my   own aisle   before   the   image   of   Our   Blessed   Lady,   in   one   of   the tombs    wherein    Sir    Richard    and    Sir    Robert    Turberville    my ancestors    hath    been    buried'.    He    also    directed    that    the    E. window   of   the   aisle   be   newly   made   and   newly   glazed   as   soon after   his   death   as   convenient:   no   doubt   the   elaborate   16th- century   E.   window   in   the   S.   wall   is   the   outcome   (Plate   32).   In 1760   the   more   easterly   end   of   the   S.   aisle   was   badly   burned and in part rebuilt in flint with brick lacing-courses. The   South   Porch   was   rebuilt   in   1875.   At   this   time   the   church was   very   extensively   restored   at   a   cost   of   some   £7000   by Messrs.   Hale   and   Son   of   Salisbury   under   the   direction   of   G.   E. Street,   R.A.;   the   clerk   of   works   was   J.   Redden.   The   15th- century   tracery   of   the   reset   late   13th-century   E.   window   was removed   and   new   tracery   inserted;   the   wall   over   the   S.   nave arcade   was   rebuilt,   the   tilting   piers   and   arches   being   levered back   to   the   vertical,   and   the   greater   part   of   the   N.   and   W.   walls of   the   N.   aisle   were   reconstructed,   retaining   the   old   features. The   E.   end   wall   of   the   S.   aisle   was   in   part   rebuilt,   incorporating a   new   window   in   the   14th-century   style   in   replacement   of   one of   five   four-centred   and   transomed   lights   in   a   square   head   of the   16th   century;   the   nave   and   S.   aisle   floors,   which   had   been raised    level    with    that    of    the    N.    aisle    in    1830,    were    again lowered;   the   nave   roof   was   repaired;   the   chancel,   S.   aisle   and tower    roofs    were    renewed,    and    extensive    alterations    were made    in    the    fittings.    (A    copy    of    G.    E.    Street's    plan    of    the church,    showing    the    rebuilding    proposed,    and    photographs before   and   during   restoration   are   in   the   Commission's   archives together   with   miscellaneous   correspondence,   early   guides,   etc. See    also    Hutchins    I,    150–4;    British    Arch.    Assocn.    Journ., XXVIII   (1872),   289–95,   400–1;   Building   News,   21   May   1869, 22   October   1875,   30   April   1909;   Dorset   Procs.   VIII   (1887),   49; E.   Venables,   Historical   Sketch   of   Bere   Regis,   etc.   (Dorchester, 1882).) Bere Regis church is of some note architecturally and of interest for an involved structural development extending from the mid 11th century to modern times. The tower is among the more imposing late Gothic towers in the county; the nave roof of c. 1500 is remarkable, and the early 16th-century recessed canopied table-tombs belong to an interesting group of locally made monuments that had a wide distribution. Architectural   Description—The   Chancel   (32½   ft.   by   17   ft.)   has a   chamfered   plinth   and   diagonal   buttresses   in   two   stages.   The gable   of   the   E.   wall   is   a   modern   rebuilding;   it   has   a   stone coping.   The   N.   and   S.   walls   finish   in   simple   eaves.   The   tracery of   the   three-light   E.   window   is   of   1875   but   the   reset   jambs, mullions,   chamfered   rear   arch   and   moulded   label   with   head- stops   of   a   man   and   a   woman   are   of   the   late   13th   century; internally   the   splays   and   mullions   have   engaged   shafts   with moulded   capitals   and   bases.   In   the   N.   wall   are   three   late   15th- century   windows   each   of   three   cinque-foiled   lights   with   vertical tracery   in   a   two-centred   head   with   a   moulded   label   finished with   head-stops   and   with   a   hollow-chamfered   rear   arch;   the westernmost   reveal   has   been   in   part   cut   back   for   a   squint   from the   Morton   Chapel.   The   S.   wall   contains   three   windows   similar to   those   opposite,   also   with   the   westernmost   reveal   cut   back for   a   squint,   and   a   late   15th-century   doorway   with   a   moulded two-centred   head   enriched   with   paterae;   the   mouldings   are continued   down   the   jambs   to   chamfered   stops;   the   label   has carved   head-stops.   Of   the   two   squints,   the   N.   is   roughly   cut and   of   indeterminate   date;   the   S.,   probably   in   part   of   the   14th and   in   part   of   the   15th   century,   has   a   chamfered   half-arch   to the   E.   and,   to   the   W.,   a   wide   14th-century   opening   with   a   two- centred     chamfered     head     and     jambs     fitted     with     a     plain mediaeval   wrought-iron   grille.   The   14th-century   chancel   arch has   been   partly   rebuilt   with   some   of   the   old   material,   probably in   the   15th   century;   it   is   two-centred   and   of   two   chamfered orders;   the   inner   order   dies   out   into   the   responds,   the   outer butts   into   them   with   the   chamfer   continuing   down   to   restored chamfered   plinths.   On   the   W.,   between   the   S.   respond   and   the opening   to   the   S.   squint   are   the   mutilated   remains   of   a   small respond-shaft    with    a    moulded    base;    reset    above    it    is    a moulded   voussoir   with   lozenge-diaper   enrichment;   the   first,   of c.   1100,   no   doubt   is   part   of   an   altar   recess   that   flanked   a narrow   earlier   chancel   arch.   Over   the   chancel   arch,   seen   from outside,   is   the   weathering   of   an   earlier   roof   to   the   chancel;   the cross   on   the   gable   end   above   is   the   only   one   not   renewed   in 1875 though the gable itself was largely rebuilt. The    Nave    (58    ft.    by    20    ft.)    has    the    arches    in    the    N.    wall standing   at   the   N.   aisle   floor   level   which   is   1¼   ft.   above   the nave   floor.   The   wall   of   the   E.   bay   is   thicker   than   the   rest   of   the wall   westward   and   on   a   different   alignment;   it   is   of   c.   1050,   in part   refaced   towards   the   nave   in   the   mid   12th   century,   and contains   an   early   13th-century   arched   opening   with   hollow- chamfered   imposts   continued   to   the   break   back   to   the   thinner wall   further   W.;   the   arch   is   two-centred   and   of   two   chamfered orders;   both   orders   evidently   became   deformed   but   only   the inner   has   since   been   rebuilt   true;   the   dressings   are   insertions and   the   whole   probably   represents   a   remodelling   of   an   earlier feature.   Over   the   E.   haunch   is   a   rectangular   doorway   to   the rood   stair.   The   first   three   bays   of   the   arcade   of   c.   1200   further to   the   W.   have   two-centred   arches   with   two   plain   orders   on   the S.    and    flush    faces    on    the    N.    carried    respectively    on    a chamfered   corbel   on   the   E.   respond,   two   circular   piers   with plain   moulded   capitals   and   restored   bases   and,   on   the   W.,   a rectangular   chamfered   pier   with   chamfered   impost. The   W.   half of   this   last   pier   was   formed   and   faced   in   the   13th   century   when the   further   bay   was   added;   in   this   last   the   arch   is   two-centred and   of   two   chamfered   orders   springing   from   a   W.   respond   with a   chamfered   impost   partly   buried   in   the   tower   wall.   The   five windows   of   the   clearstorey   differ   in   date:   the   easternmost   is   of c.   1500,   of   two   four-centred   lights   in   a   square   head;   the   rest,   of the   late   15th   century,   have   each   two   trefoiled   lights   in   a   square moulded   head   with   moulded   jambs   and   a   flat   rear   arch.   The   E. bay   of   the   S.   arcade   contains   a   14th-century   two-centred   arch of    two    chamfered    orders    dying    out    into    the    flush    wall-face between   nave   and   S.   aisle   on   the   E.   and   springing   from   a renewed   circular   pier   on   the   W.;   the   retooled   capital   of   the   pier, decorated    with    paterae    and    heater-shaped    shields    each charged   with   a   cross,   is   a   base   reused   and   inverted.   The   next three    bays    have    two-centred    arches    of    two    orders    with    a chevron-enriched   label   on   the   N.   and   with   a   flush   face   and chamfered   label   on   the   S.;   the   piers   are   circular,   the   second and    third    having    mid    12th-century    chamfered    abaci    and capitals    carved    with    drapery-like    scalloping    and    grotesque figures   and   heads,   including   those   of   a   king,   a   man   holding   his head,   a   hound   baiting   a   bear,   and   a   monkey,   bringing   the square   of   the   abacus   to   the   round   of   the   pier   (Plate   7).   The bases,   including   the   base   of   the   first   pier,   are   moulded   and with   rounded   spurs   on   square   stepped   and   chamfered   sub- bases   with   chevron   ornament.   The   fourth   pier   is   circular   and the   E.   half   is   of   the   mid   12th   century   with   a   scalloped   capital while   the   W.   half   is   of   the   13th   century   with   a   plain   capital.   The 13th-century    arch    in    the    fifth    bay    is    two-centred,    of    two chamfered   orders,   and   the   W.   respond   is   half-round   with   a moulded    capital    and    modern    base.    The    five    clearstorey windows are similar to the more westerly in the N. wall. The   Morton   Chapel   and   North   Aisle   (13   ft.   wide)   are   without structural   division   and   entered   up   two   steps   from   the   nave. The chapel    occupies    one    bay    and    is    an    early    16th-century rebuilding   of   the   earlier   transept;   the   ashlar   bonding   at   the junction   of   the   former   W.   wall   of   the   transept   and   the   nave   wall remains   visible   in   the   latter   at   clearstorey   level. The   chapel   has a   double   plinth,   a   diagonal   buttress   on   the   N.E.   and   a   modern buttress   at   the   junction   with   the   N.   aisle;   in   the   external   angle between   the   E.   wall   and   the   chancel   is   the   two-sided   projection of   the   16th-century   rood   stair.   The   restored   E.   window   is   of three   four-centred   lights   in   a   square   casementmoulded   head with   moulded   jambs;   the   N.   window   is   similar   to   it.   The   N.   aisle is   without   plinth   or   buttresses;   in   the   N.   wall   are   three   reset   late 15th-century   windows   each   of   three   cinque-foiled   lights   in   a square    casement-moulded    head    with    moulded    jambs.    The reset   14th-century   N.   doorway,   between   the   second   and   third windows,   has   a   restored   two-centred   head   with   the   mouldings continued    down    the    jambs    to    plain    stops;    the    rear    arch    is triangular    and    chamfered.    The    reset    late    15th-century    W. window   is   of   three   trefoiled   lights   with   vertical   tracery   in   a triangular    head,    head    and    jambs    being    casement-moulded; below   the   window   and   to   the   S.   is   some   earlier   walling   and   the sill   of   a   blocked   13th-century   lancet   window.   Along   the   S.   wall over the nave arcade are the shaped corbels of an earlier roof. The   South   Aisle   (16   ft.   wide)   has   had   the   whole   of   the   upper part   of   the   E.   wall   rebuilt,   and   the   E.   window   with   net   tracery   is entirely   late   19th-century. The   upper   part   of   the   14th-century   S. wall     has     been     rebuilt     in     flint     with     brick     courses,     the easternmost   of   the   three   short   two-stage   buttresses   having   the initials   and   date   MS   1760.   The   E.   window   in   the   S.   wall   (Plate 32)   is   of   the   16th   century,   probably   c.   1535,   and   has   five   ogee cinque-foiled   lights   with   two   whole   and   two   part   quatrefoils   in the   tracery   all   in   a   three-centred   opening   in   a   square   head   with blank    shields    and    ribands    in    the    spandrels;    the    square moulded   label   has   stops   carved   with   demi-angels,   much   worn. The    elliptical    rear    arch    and    splays    are    elaborated    with rectangular,   quatre-foiled   and   trefoiled   panels.   Further   W.   is   a partly   destroyed   18th-century   doorway   in   brick,   now   blocked, with   segmental   head.   The   reset   second   window   is   of   the   14th century   with   three   ogee-trefoiled   lights   and   net   tracery   in   a   two- centred   head   with   a   two-centred   and   chamfered   rear   arch.   The third   and   the   W.   windows   are   late   19th-century.   The   rebuilt 14th-century   S.   doorway   is   two-centred   with   the   mouldings   of the   head   continued   down   the   jambs   to   shaped   stops;   the   rear arch is two-centred and chamfered. The   West   Tower   (13   ft.   by   12   ft.)   is   of   c.   1500   and   in   three stages   (Plate   2)   with   a   moulded   plinth,   moulded   strings,   two- stage   inset   angle   buttresses   ending   in   tall   pinnacled   standards, and    an    embattled    parapet    with    crocketed    pinnacles    and gargoyles.   The   polygonal   stair   turret   at   the   N.W.   angle   rises above   the   parapet   and   has   engaged   standards   with   pinnacles standing   on   the   topmost   string   at   the   free   corners   and   smaller pinnacles   on   the   plain   parapet. The   moulded   tower   arch   is   two- centred    and    springs    from    shafted    responds,    the    soffit    and reveals    containing    heights    of    paired    panels    with    trefoiled heads.   In   the   N.   wall   is   the   doorway   to   the   stair,   with   a   four- centred   chamfered   head.   The   W.   doorway   has   moulded   jambs and    a    four-centred    arch    in    a    square    head    with    foliate spandrels;    flanking    the    doorway    are    plain    standards    set diagonally   supporting   a   capping   continued   as   a   label   and   a string.   The   restored   W.   window   has   four   transomed   lights   with a   large   centre   mullion   and   vertical   tracery   in   a   two-centred head,   all   within   a   continuous   casement   moulding;   the   heads   of the   lights   below   the   transom   are   trefoiled,   above   cinque-foiled; the   moulded   label   returns   across   the   other   faces   of   the   tower as   a   string.   Flanking   the   window   are   two   niches   with   corbels carved    with    angels    holding    blank    shields;    their    moulded standards     carry     crocketed     canopies     and     pinnacles.     The second   stage   has   in   the   N.   wall   an   original   window   of   one   four- centred   light   in   a   square   casement-moulded   head;   inside,   the clock   chamber   is   entered   through   a   doorway   with   an   original stop-chamfered   timber   frame.   The   third   stage   has   in   each   face a   three-light   double-transomed   window   with   blind   tracery   in   a four-centred   head   within   a   continuous   casement   moulding;   the lights   below   both   transoms   have   elliptical   heads,   the   others   are ogee,   and   the   two   upper   heights   are   filled   with   pierced   stone panelling   with   quatrefoil   and   star-pattern   openings;   the   lower lights   are   blocked. The   moulded   labels   have   human   and   beast- head   stops,   some   defaced,   and   the   rear   arches   are   segmental- pointed. The   South   Porch   (10¼   ft.   by   12½   ft.),   of   early   16th-century origin,   has   been   rebuilt;   the   S.   archway   and   the   windows   in   the E. and W. walls are of the late 19th century. The   Roof   of   the   chancel   is   of   1875;   the   design   is   said   to   have been   based   on   fragments   of   a   mediaeval   roof   found   in   situ. The   late   15th-century   timber   roof   of   the   nave   (Plates   68,   69)   is in   five   bays   divided   and   flanked   by   tie   beams   with   arched braces    meeting    in    the    centre    and    springing    from    hammer beams   with   curved   struts   that   continue   the   lines   of   the   braces to   give   the   appearance   of   two-centred   arched   supports   to   the ties;   the   struts   and   wall   posts   stand   on   shaped   stone   corbels; standing   on   the   tie   beams   are   king   posts,   queen   posts   and   two subsidiary   side   posts   with   cusped   struts   supporting   the   ridge and   the   four   purlins   respectively.   The   trusses   are   elaborately enriched,   with   tracery   and   foiled   infilling   in   the   spandrels   and trefoiled   cusping   along   the   under   side   of   the   braces   and   struts. At   the   junctions   of   the   braces   are   large   bosses   crudely   carved with   (1)   foliage,   (2)   male   head,   (3)   shield   with   a   modern   or restored   painting   of   the   arms   of   Morton,   (4)   Tudor   rose,   (5) knot,   (6)   shield   of   St.   George.   The   ends   of   the   hammer   beams are   carved   with   full-length   figures,   probably   of   the Apostles   but so   many   of   the   attributes   are   broken   away   that   only   five   are perhaps   identifiable:   N.   side,   (1)   St.   Matthew,   (3)   St.   Philip   (?); S.   side,   (3)   St.   James   the   Great,   (4)   St.   Peter,   (6)   St.   James the     Less.     Midway     between     the     trusses     are     secondary principals    with    bosses    at    the    intersections    with    ridge    and purlins   carved   with   human   heads   and   foliage.   In   1875   the   roof was    extensively    repaired,    renewals    being    carved    by    Harry Hems    of    Exeter,    and    regilded    and    recoloured    by    Messrs. Clayton   and   Bell   (R.C.H.M.   archives).   The   colouring   has   been renewed    again    in    the    present    century.    The    Morton    Chapel retains   the   original   roof   of   c.   1500   with   intersecting   moulded beams   and   wall-plates   forming   four   panels.   The   restored   late 15th-century   lean-to   roof   of   the   N.   aisle   is   in   five   bays   divided by     moulded     principals     supported     on     stone     corbels     and supporting   moulded   purlins.   The   roofs   of   the   S.   aisle   and   the tower are of 1875. (A.R.D.) Fittings—Altar:    In    chancel,    Purbeck    marble    slab    with    two incised   crosses   and   part   of   a   third,   the   lower   edge   hollow- chamfered,   mediaeval,   repaired   and   set   on   modern   base   to form   main   altar.   Bells:   six;   2nd,   1656,   probably   by   Thomas Purdue;   4th   by   John   Wallis   of   Salisbury,   1602;   5th   by   Thomas and   William   Knight,   1709;   6th   by   Clement   Tosier,   1698,   and given   by   Mary   Dyet.   Brackets   etc.:   In   nave—on   E.   wall,   N.   of chancel   arch   at   about   springing-level,   shaped   stone   corbel, probably   for   back   of   rood   loft;   on   N.   and   S.   walls   at   the   same level   as   the   foregoing   and   one   bay   W.,   probably   for   the   front bressummer    of    the    rood    loft,    two    carved    corbels,    the    N. defaced,   the   S.   with   the   carved   figure   of   a   man   with   large   head wearing     close-fitting     round     cap     and     pleated     gown     with shoulder-cape,   c.   1400.   In   Morton   Chapel—flanking   E.   window, at    different    levels,    and    differing    slightly    in    detail,    two    half- octagonal    moulded    stone    corbels    with    concave    sides    and flared   stems,   c.   1500;   on   E.   splay   of   N.   window,   moulded   stone corbel   supported   by   flying   angel,   c.   1500.   Brasses   and   Indents. Brasses:   in   N.   aisle—on   N.   wall,   (1)   to   Andrew   Loup,   1637, reset   triangular-headed   plate   with   long   Latin   inscription   and shield-of-arms    of    Loup;    (2)    to    [Henry]    Fisher    [1773],    small, finely   engraved   with   emblems   of   mortality.   In   S.   aisle,   (3)   to Robert Turbervyle,   1559,   plate   with   black-letter   inscription   (now reset   on   E.   wall).   See   also   Monuments   (1,   5).   Indents:   in   W. tower—in   floor-slabs,   (1)   of   rectangular   plate;   (2)   of   inscription plate   and   shield,   c.   1500,   the   slab   with   illegible   black-letter inscription;   (3)   of   figure   and   inscription   plate,   c.   1500,   much worn. See also Monuments (2, 4, 5). Chairs:   In   chancel,   two,   made   up   with   15th-century   linenfold panelling   and   mediaeval   and   modern   material.   Chest:   In   N. aisle,   of   wood,   3   ft.   2   ins.   long,   panelled   and   inscribed   with names   of   churchwardens   and   date   1716.   Clock:   Works   (Plate 5),   now   in   D.C.M.,   with   elaborate   wrought-iron   frame,   made   by Lawrence   Boyce   of   Piddletown,   1719.   Consecration   Cross:   In nave,   on   W.   face   of   E.   respond   of   N.   arcade,   painted   on   plaster in   red   outlined   in   black,   13th-century.   Font   (Plate   8):   In   W. tower,     circular     straight-sided     bowl     with     shallow     carved decoration,   partly   hacked   away,   of   interlacing   round-headed arches   with   open   flowers   in   roundels   above,   moulded   necking, 12th-century,   on   late   19th-century   stem   and   moulded   base;   in top   of   bowl   the   remains   of   fastenings   for   a   cover.   Ironwork:   see Architectural Description, Chancel. Monuments   and   Floor-slabs.   Monuments:   In   chancel—against N.   wall,   (1)   to   John   Skerne,   [1593],   freestone   table-tomb   (Plate 14)   with   brasses   and   canopy   erected   by   Margaret   (Thornhull) his   wife   in   1596,   tomb-chest   with   moulded   plinth   and   square- panelled   front   and   ends,   the   panels   containing   blank   shields enclosed   in   sub-cusped   quatrefoils,   the   top   slab   with   moulded edges   and   remains   of   wrought-iron   guard   and   carrying   two reeded     and     fluted     columns     and     half-column     responds supporting   the   canopy   and   continued   up   as   corner-posts   with knob   finials;   the   back   wall   divided   by   pilaster   buttresses   into three   bays   containing   brasses,   in   the   middle   an   achievement-