Bere Regis Village, Dorset
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The Gould Family Notebook

1723 - 1850

MOST   OF   the   information   for   a   parish   history   is   gleaned   from   various   official   sources-parish   records,   census   returns,   tax   and   rating   assessments, electoral   lists   and   the   like-and   such   documents   are   necessarily   of   a   formal   nature.   Occasionally,   however,   more   personal private   records   have   survived,   such   as   the   family   notebook   of   the   Goulds   of   Woodbury   Hill   who   were   carpenters   and builders   for   several   successive   generations. The   book   is   now   housed   in   the   County   Record   Office,   and   the   following   note is attached to it: Old   John   Gould,   who   lived   on   Woodbury   Hill,   gave   this   book   to   me   about   1880,   when   I   was   elected   Member   of   Parliament   for   Wareham,   the   last who had sat for that Borough-1880 & 1885. Gould was quite blind, the book had been in his family for years, as his writings testify. The book contains some curious information about Bere & the neighbourhood. If it is ever found after my death, I should like it deposited in the Dorset County Museum at Dorchester. Montague Guest. The   book   seems   to   have   been   in   more   or   less   continual   use   from   1723   until   1850,   its   main   purpose   being   to   record   purchases   of   timber   and building   materials,   and   other   items   in   connection   with   the   family   business,   but   these   purely   business   items   are   interspersed   with   various   unrelated notes   on   domestic   and   parish   affairs,   which   are   of   great   interest   as   they   describe   conditions   and   events   which   would   have   found   no   place   in   more official records. The   bulk   of   the   Goulds'   work   seems   to   have   been   in   the   provision   and   maintenance   of   semi-permanent   covered   stalls   in   connection   with   the annual   fair   on   Woodbury   Hill.   (See   photograph   below)   During   the   18th   century   when   the   fair   still   lasted   for   a   week   each   year,   the   top   of   the   hill served   no   other   purpose   and   was   laid   out   as   a   series   of   concourses   and   stalls   in   the   nature   of   a   permanent   exhibition   site. The   stalls,   or   `standings' or   `bowers'   as   they   were   called,   were   planned   and   constructed   to   the   individual   specifications   of   the   traders   concerned,   some   of   them   in considerable detail, and typical of such items are the following: Memorandum I am to set up a place for a baker of Seren abby (Cerne Abbas) at ye north end of Mr Comfrys standing - 1734. Standing   to   be   built   for   mr   Gravenor   five   foot   at   west   End   for   a   bed,   and   boarded   up   the   iner   side   and   a   shilf   5   foot   high   over   the   door   place   going into   bed;   the   midle   for   nine   foot   8   Inches   broad   and   apart.   Each   end   and   trim   to   be   18   Inches   apart,   and   nine   Inch   broad,   the   Counter   2   foot   &   half broad the bottom back shilf a foot broad, and five more narrow shillves as above over it. From the foregoing it is evident that the stalls were often used in addition as living accommodation for the trader during the week of the fair. Before   maps   and   plans   were   used   to   record   the   extent   of   manors   and   parishes   the   positions   of   such   boundaries   were marked   at   intervals   by   certain   natural   features   and   boundary   stones,   and   human   memory   was   relied   upon   for   the   exact delineation    of    them.    Memory    was    aided    from    time    to    time    by    parish    representatives    walking    the    parish boundaries   (see   drawing   here   of   the   parish   boundaries),   and   such   an   occasion,   often   known   as   "beating   the bounds," is recorded in the notebook: Mememberandum   Concerning   June   ye   6=1750.   Beer   Folks   &   bloxworth   people   went   a   bounding   together   into   ye   east Coman-we   began   at   ye   ditch   between   new   close   &   beerhambrech   ye   first   stone   is   by   a   homing   bush   by   ye   way   side: the   next   stone   is   in   ye   medle   of   ye   pond:   ye   next   is   by   a   homing   bush   about   a   l00   or   a   l00   &   20   yard:   ye   next   atone   is by   ye   way   aid   to   ye   left   of   ye   way   about   a   100   or   a   100   &   20   yard:   ye   next   stons   are   abour   a   100   or   a   l00   &   20   asunder theare   are   2   stones   about   16   yard   asunder   one   west   and   ye   other   east   to   part   hide   and   beer   ye   east   is   to   part bloxwortn   and   beer.   then   we   goes   down   to   tho   hedes   corner   and   from   yt   thear   is   oak   tree   bouns   a   little   ways   from   hide   barn   then   from   yt   we   goes to   a   oak   tre   in   glasburys   hedge   &   from   thence   we   goe   up   ye   hill   &   thear   2   holes   &   when   we   are   a   top   of   ye   hill   we   goes   on   to   thomas   hardys   grave and   from   thense   we   goe   on   to   Boventon   stone   by   Dorchester   way:   &   from   yt   to   a   litle   pond   upon   ye   left   hand   of   ye   way   coming   from   boventon stone: & benether yt is a nother pond in ye medle is a bound stone & from yt about 80 or a 100 yard is another bound stone. It   is   often   considered   that   human   behaviour,   particularly   among   the   young   is   worse   in   the   present   age   than   in   former   times,   but   a   study   of   old records   including   school   log   books,   quickly   reveals   that   this   is   not   so,   and   that   although   conditions   and   ways   of   life   are   constantly   changing,   human nature remains much the same, and the following extracts from the notebook may serve to illustrate the point: 1742   July   ye   25   being   St   James   day   Sunday   will   Ruttor   John   Baskome   James   harice   broke   ye   widow   (window).   Strangmans   window   10   or   12 quarels (panes) about 4 a clock or 5 a Clock in ye Afternoon will Rutter ofered harice to give him a J to break our windo. May   ye   17:1790   The   Mobb   of   Reselute   Felows   Risd   at   Bere   Regis.   They   went   to   Kingston   and   forst   men   to   go   with   them   Down   ye   Vale.   A   very Scandelous Action. 1826   June   ye   12   there   were   Some   Horse   Soldiers   in   Bere   some   of   which   Broke   in   to   our   House   on   Woodbury-hill   where   the   Strong   Beer   were   But The   Officer   put   all   Things   Inn   plase   again.   memorandum   I   do   Intend   if   god   willing   ye   3   day   of   ye   fair   to   go   to   she   for   my   many   for   I   do   belive   she has paid me severall bad peces of mony. There are several items concerning exceptional weather conditions and their effect upon seasonal occupations: Memorandum in ye yeare 1745 it was a very wet winter & a very wet march I do not mind of ye like wet almost every day. June ye 9=1745 memorand it Raind for a bout a week together every day. Sansom Sheave sheard his sheep ye 9 of July 1745. 1751 it was a terable wet march & springe. 1795 A very Smart Winter Six weeks frost. In June ye: 18:1795 Being very Cold weather for ye Sheep Shearing great many Sheep Lcst. 1825 There was a great deal of wheat cut by the 20 of July and the harvest was all most in by the 24 of August. In the year 1826 July 17 There Ware Wheat Cut Wheat Ricks Made By The 22 of July. In the year 1828 A very wett Winter such as was not known by any man living before. Some of the items are undated and in the form of notes regarding patent remedies and other matters: An   exelent   Receit   to   make   salve-take   Lard   &   beeswax   &   rosam   &   stur   in   some   venis   turpentine   &   it   will   make   a   very   good   salve.   to   sumple   any Joynts or fingers take ye Oyle of Saint Johns worth & attoynt ye greived place. The herbery is called ye English Physistian & do give account of all manner of herbs. theare is a Stone cald a Coastick tuch a sorlip a present remidy. ye prise of ye map of ye world is £0 Os. lOd. The   remaining   items   to   be   quoted   deal   with   a   variety   of   subjects   concerning   household   and   family   matters,   parish   events   and   details   regarding   the Lord of the Manor and his family. They are given in chronological order: John Gould ye son of Edward Gould departed this Life Dec ye 19:1719 2 or 3 days before St Thomas Day-in 1711 he was 67 years old febary ye 7. 10 houses burnt at woodburyhill in ye yeare 1723. April   ye   16   1730   Henery   Gould   departed   this   Life   upon   a   thursd   about   3   a   clock   in   morning   and   buryed   ye   19   day   paid   John   Ash   for   ye   cofin   2s. Od. ye bords my own. in ye yeare 1747 Henery Drax esquire & his son thomas earl Drax esquire was chosen Candidates for ye borrough of wareham ye poll stood so ......................................................... 264 Henery drax ............................................................... 257 earll drax .................................................................. 205 I Pitt ........................................................................ 192 An   account   between   my   son   John   &   I   1748   he   came   with   ye   sheep   into   Bere   fields   ye   7   of   Sept   &   went   away   ye   first   of   October=so   theare   is   8 weeks diet at 3s a week-£1 4s. 1749   we   botled   our   beer   July   ye   29.   1749   August   ye   5   I   soed   Leekseed.   Sar.som   Sheave   Died   in   Dec   ye   21=1749   &   was   buried   ye   25   Christmas day munday. ye visitation was kept on wensday ye 17 day of July in 1751. In october 1751 our welldrocks was put in. August: ye. 13:1792 there was a boy Cilled by a Wagon over throughing with Turf on him at ye end of ye Lane to Shitterton. In March ye llth 1797 Mr. Grovenors Son was Chrisened. 1824 August 24 the Bishop Came to Bere and Confirmed A great Number of young Persons. 1826   Novr.   25   were   Married   Thomas   Amey   Gould   to   Harriot   Meager.   In   May   the   lst   1827   was   Married   Mrs   Grosvenor   to   Mr.   Sawbridge   a Gentleman of Kent. gave to Bere Ringers £3. In   the   year   1828   there   was   a   new   Keepers   House   Built   in   Bere   Wood.   December   31   In   the   year   1828   was   given   at   Bere   an   ox   and   half   of   Beef   and eight Pounds worth of Bread given to the Poor of Bere The gift of Mr. Sawbridge Esqr. 1849   Miss   Fanny   Drax   of   an Age   March   2nd.   1850   Miss   Sarah   Drax   of   an   age April   3rd.   Gave   to   Bere   Ringers   £1   Os.   Od.   on   Each   Occasion.   The following items are undated: Aprill ye 28 ye Jack Ass Covered a she Ass. My   Lords   rent   a   woodbery   hill   for   my   house   we   Live   is   6s.   8d.   &   Is.   Od.   marking   and   Coffins   house   is   8s.   8d.   and   Is.   Od.   marking.   An   account   of Gentlemens names belonging to ye town of Beer Regis - Henery Drax Esquire Mr Bond Esquire Edward Plidell Esquire Mr Pitt Esquire Nevill Plidell Esquire Mr. fframpton Esquire Mr Reves Esquire Mr Trenchard Esquire
© 2003, Bere Regis Village Website.
Bere Regis Village
Bere Regis Village Website

The Gould Family Notebook 1723 - 1850

Click / tap images to enlarge
MOST   OF   the   information   for   a   parish   history   is   gleaned   from   various official      sources-parish      records,      census returns,      tax      and      rating      assessments, electoral      lists      and      the      like-and      such documents     are     necessarily     of     a     formal nature.       Occasionally,       however,       more personal   private   records   have   survived,   such   as   the   family   notebook of   the   Goulds   of   Woodbury   Hill   who   were   carpenters   and   builders   for several    successive    generations.    The    book    is    now    housed    in    the County Record Office, and the following note is attached to it: Old   John   Gould,   who   lived   on   Woodbury   Hill,   gave   this   book   to   me about   1880,   when   I   was   elected   Member   of   Parliament   for   Wareham, the   last   who   had   sat   for   that   Borough-1880   &   1885.   Gould   was   quite blind, the book had been in his family for years, as his writings testify. The    book    contains    some    curious    information    about    Bere    &    the neighbourhood. If   it   is   ever   found   after   my   death,   I   should   like   it   deposited   in   the   Dorset County Museum at Dorchester. Montague Guest. The   book   seems   to   have   been   in   more   or   less   continual   use   from 1723   until   1850,   its   main   purpose   being   to   record   purchases   of   timber and   building   materials,   and   other   items   in   connection   with   the   family business,    but    these    purely    business    items    are    interspersed    with various   unrelated   notes   on   domestic   and   parish   affairs,   which   are   of great   interest   as   they   describe   conditions   and   events   which   would have found no place in more official records. The   bulk   of   the   Goulds'   work   seems   to   have   been   in   the   provision   and maintenance   of   semi-permanent   covered   stalls   in   connection   with   the annual   fair   on   Woodbury   Hill.   (See   photograph   below)   During   the   18th century   when   the   fair   still   lasted   for   a   week   each   year,   the   top   of   the hill    served    no    other    purpose    and    was    laid    out    as    a    series    of concourses   and   stalls   in   the   nature   of   a   permanent   exhibition   site. The stalls,   or   `standings'   or   `bowers'   as   they   were   called,   were   planned and    constructed    to    the    individual    specifications    of    the    traders concerned,   some   of   them   in   considerable   detail,   and   typical   of   such items are the following: Memorandum   I   am   to   set   up   a   place   for   a   baker   of   Seren   abby   (Cerne Abbas) at ye north end of Mr Comfrys standing - 1734. Standing   to   be   built   for   mr   Gravenor   five   foot   at   west   End   for   a   bed, and   boarded   up   the   iner   side   and   a   shilf   5   foot   high   over   the   door place   going   into   bed;   the   midle   for   nine   foot   8   Inches   broad   and   apart. Each   end   and   trim   to   be   18   Inches   apart,   and   nine   Inch   broad,   the Counter   2   foot   &   half   broad   the   bottom   back   shilf   a   foot   broad,   and   five more narrow shillves as above over it. From   the   foregoing   it   is   evident   that   the   stalls   were   often   used   in addition   as   living   accommodation   for   the   trader   during   the   week   of   the fair. Before   maps   and   plans   were   used   to   record   the   extent   of   manors   and parishes   the   positions   of   such   boundaries   were   marked   at   intervals   by certain   natural   features   and   boundary   stones,   and   human   memory was   relied   upon   for   the   exact   delineation   of   them.   Memory   was   aided from    time    to    time    by    parish    representatives    walking    the    parish boundaries   (see   drawing   below   of   the   parish   boundaries),   and   such   an occasion,   often   known   as   "beating   the   bounds,"   is   recorded   in   the notebook: Mememberandum     Concerning     June     ye 6=1750.    Beer    Folks    &    bloxworth    people went    a    bounding    together    into    ye    east Coman-we      began      at      ye      ditch between          new          close          & beerhambrech   ye   first   stone   is   by a   homing   bush   by   ye   way   side:   the   next stone   is   in   ye   medle   of   ye   pond:   ye   next   is by   a   homing   bush   about   a   l00   or   a   l00   &   20 yard:   ye   next   atone   is   by   ye   way   aid   to   ye left   of   ye   way   about   a   100   or   a   100   &   20 yard:   ye   next   stons   are   abour   a   100   or   a l00   &   20   asunder   theare   are   2   stones   about   16   yard   asunder   one   west and   ye   other   east   to   part   hide   and   beer   ye   east   is   to   part   bloxwortn and   beer.   then   we   goes   down   to   tho   hedes   corner   and   from   yt   thear   is oak   tree   bouns   a   little   ways   from   hide   barn   then   from   yt   we   goes   to   a oak   tre   in   glasburys   hedge   &   from   thence   we   goe   up   ye   hill   &   thear   2 holes   &   when   we   are   a   top   of   ye   hill   we   goes   on   to   thomas   hardys grave   and   from   thense   we   goe   on   to   Boventon   stone   by   Dorchester way:   &   from   yt   to   a   litle   pond   upon   ye   left   hand   of   ye   way   coming   from boventon   stone:   &   benether   yt   is   a   nother   pond   in   ye   medle   is   a   bound stone & from yt about 80 or a 100 yard is another bound stone. It   is   often   considered   that   human   behaviour,   particularly   among   the young   is   worse   in   the   present   age   than   in   former   times,   but   a   study   of old   records   including   school   log   books,   quickly   reveals   that   this   is   not so,    and    that    although    conditions    and    ways    of    life    are    constantly changing,   human   nature   remains   much   the   same,   and   the   following extracts from the notebook may serve to illustrate the point: 1742    July    ye    25    being    St    James    day    Sunday    will    Ruttor    John Baskome    James    harice    broke    ye    widow    (window).    Strangmans window   10   or   12   quarels   (panes)   about   4   a   clock   or   5   a   Clock   in   ye Afternoon will Rutter ofered harice to give him a J to break our windo. May   ye   17:1790   The   Mobb   of   Reselute   Felows   Risd   at   Bere   Regis. They   went   to   Kingston   and   forst   men   to   go   with   them   Down   ye   Vale. A very Scandelous Action. 1826   June   ye   12   there   were   Some   Horse   Soldiers   in   Bere   some   of which   Broke   in   to   our   House   on   Woodbury-hill   where   the   Strong   Beer were   But   The   Officer   put   all   Things   Inn   plase   again.   memorandum   I   do Intend   if   god   willing   ye   3   day   of   ye   fair   to   go   to   she   for   my   many   for   I do belive she has paid me severall bad peces of mony. There   are   several   items   concerning   exceptional   weather   conditions and their effect upon seasonal occupations: Memorandum   in   ye   yeare   1745   it   was   a   very   wet   winter   &   a   very   wet march I do not mind of ye like wet almost every day. June   ye   9=1745   memorand   it   Raind   for   a   bout   a   week   together   every day. Sansom   Sheave   sheard   his   sheep   ye   9   of   July   1745.   1751   it   was   a terable wet march & springe. 1795 A very Smart Winter Six weeks frost. In   June   ye:   18:1795   Being   very   Cold   weather   for   ye   Sheep   Shearing great many Sheep Lcst. 1825   There   was   a   great   deal   of   wheat   cut   by   the   20   of   July   and   the harvest was all most in by the 24 of August. In   the   year   1826   July   17   There   Ware   Wheat   Cut   Wheat   Ricks   Made By The 22 of July. In   the   year   1828   A   very   wett   Winter   such   as   was   not   known   by   any man living before. Some   of   the   items   are   undated   and   in   the   form   of   notes   regarding patent remedies and other matters: An   exelent   Receit   to   make   salve-take   Lard   &   beeswax   &   rosam   &   stur in   some   venis   turpentine   &   it   will   make   a   very   good   salve.   to   sumple any   Joynts   or   fingers   take   ye   Oyle   of   Saint   Johns   worth   &   attoynt   ye greived place. The   herbery   is   called   ye   English   Physistian   &   do   give   account   of   all manner of herbs. theare   is   a   Stone   cald   a   Coastick   tuch   a   sorlip   a   present   remidy.   ye prise of ye map of ye world is £0 Os. lOd. The   remaining   items   to   be   quoted   deal   with   a   variety   of   subjects concerning   household   and   family   matters,   parish   events   and   details regarding   the   Lord   of   the   Manor   and   his   family.   They   are   given   in chronological order: John    Gould    ye    son    of    Edward    Gould    departed    this    Life    Dec    ye 19:1719   2   or   3   days   before   St   Thomas   Day-in   1711   he   was   67   years old febary ye 7. 10 houses burnt at woodburyhill in ye yeare 1723. April   ye   16   1730   Henery   Gould   departed   this   Life   upon   a   thursd   about 3   a   clock   in   morning   and   buryed   ye   19   day   paid   John   Ash   for   ye   cofin 2s. Od. ye bords my own. in   ye   yeare   1747   Henery   Drax   esquire   &   his   son   thomas   earl   Drax esquire was chosen Candidates for ye borrough of wareham ye poll stood so ......................................................... 264 Henery drax ............................................................... 257 earll drax .................................................................. 205 I Pitt ........................................................................ 192 An   account   between   my   son   John   &   I   1748   he   came   with   ye   sheep into   Bere   fields   ye   7   of   Sept   &   went   away   ye   first   of   October=so   theare is 8 weeks diet at 3s a week-£1 4s. 1749    we    botled    our    beer    July    ye    29.    1749    August    ye    5    I    soed Leekseed.   Sar.som   Sheave   Died   in   Dec   ye   21=1749   &   was   buried   ye 25 Christmas day munday. ye   visitation   was   kept   on   wensday   ye   17   day   of   July   in   1751.   In october 1751 our welldrocks was put in. August:    ye.    13:1792    there    was    a    boy    Cilled    by    a    Wagon    over throughing with Turf on him at ye end of ye Lane to Shitterton. In March ye llth 1797 Mr. Grovenors Son was Chrisened. 1824   August   24   the   Bishop   Came   to   Bere   and   Confirmed   A   great Number of young Persons. 1826   Novr.   25   were   Married   Thomas   Amey   Gould   to   Harriot   Meager. In   May   the   lst   1827   was   Married   Mrs   Grosvenor   to   Mr.   Sawbridge   a Gentleman of Kent. gave to Bere Ringers £3. In   the   year   1828   there   was   a   new   Keepers   House   Built   in   Bere   Wood. December   31   In   the   year   1828   was   given   at   Bere   an   ox   and   half   of Beef   and   eight   Pounds   worth   of   Bread   given   to   the   Poor   of   Bere   The gift of Mr. Sawbridge Esqr. 1849   Miss   Fanny   Drax   of   an Age   March   2nd.   1850   Miss   Sarah   Drax   of an   age April   3rd.   Gave   to   Bere   Ringers   £1   Os.   Od.   on   Each   Occasion. The following items are undated: Aprill ye 28 ye Jack Ass Covered a she Ass. My   Lords   rent   a   woodbery   hill   for   my   house   we   Live   is   6s.   8d.   &   Is. Od.   marking   and   Coffins   house   is   8s.   8d.   and   Is.   Od.   marking.   An account of Gentlemens names belonging to ye town of Beer Regis - Henery Drax Esquire Mr Bond Esquire Edward Plidell Esquire Mr Pitt Esquire Nevill Plidell Esquire Mr. fframpton Esquire Mr Reves Esquire Mr Trenchard Esquire
© 2003, Bere Regis Village Website.