Bere Regis Village, Dorset
 
Bere Regis Village
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The Ancient History of the Village

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The Roman Period

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After   the   Roman   conquest   of   AD   43,   the   first   task   the   occupying   forces   undertook   was   the   construction   of   a   network   of   good   flint   paved,   wide, straight   roads   covering   the   whole   country.   The   system   of   trackways   which   they   had   inherited,   being   no   more   than   footpaths,   were far   below   the   standards   required   for   Roman   military   purposes,   although   in   some   cases   the   new   roads   followed   more   or   less   the same   routes.   Roman   roads   were   built   to   very   high   standards,   consisting   usually   of   a   raised   causeway   surfaced   with   flints   and   with flanking   ditches   on   either   side   to   ensure   good   drainage;   indeed,   such   standards   of   road   building   were   not   attained   again   in   Britain until   the   turnpike   roads   of   the   18th   century.   Roman   surveying   techniques   were   of   an   equally   high   standard,   as   the   routes   were   set out in almost perfectly straight lines from one station or town to the next. One of the major Roman roads concerns this parish - the Via Iceniana which ran from Isca Dumnoniorum (Exeter) by way of Londinium (London) to Venta   Icenorum   (Caister   St.   Edmunds,   Norfolk).   This   latter   town   was   the   centre   of   an   area   inhabitated   by   a   tribe   known   as   the   Iceni   which   gave   its name   to   the   road,   and   Icen   Way,   a   street   in   Dorchester   through   which   the   road   passed,   gets   its   name   from   the   same   source.   This   road   passes across   the   northern   part   of   this   parish,   entering   it   near   Ashley   Barn   and   leaving   at   Bagwood   Copse.   Below   you   can   see   a   Map   of   the   road,   as   it crosses our Parish - Some   sections   of   the   causeway   where   it   occurs   on   higher   ground   can   still   be   quite   clearly   seen,   but   all   traces   of   it   have   vanished   where   it   crossed the   valleys   except   during   very   dry   periods   when   it   can   sometimes   be   seen   as   crop   marks   across   the   fields.   This   particular   stretch   is   an   almost straight   line   from   Durnovaria   (Dorchester)   to   Vindogladia   (Badbury   Rings)   and   passes   through   the   centres   of   three   present   day   villages   - Tolpuddle, Winterbourne   Kingston   &   Shapwick.   In   July   1949   the   Royal   Commission   on   Historic   Monuments   excavated   a   cross   section   of   the   road   near Bagwood   Copse,   and   at   this   point   the   causewayed   road   itself   proved   to   have   a   width   of   20   feet   (6   metres).   It   was   paved   with   a   thin   layer   of   flints   on a base of sandy clay laid on the natural chalk, and the flanking ditches were 59 feet (18 metres) apart, centre to centre. Where   this   road   approached   the   summit   of   Bere   Down   from   the   south   west   in   the   vicinity   of   Bronze   Age   barrow   no.   24,   it   ascended   by   way   of   a cutting   into   the   side   of   the   hill   forming   what   appeared   to   be   a   section   of   fortified   banking,   and   in   subsequent   years,   after   the   road   had   fallen   into disuse,   some   of   the   flints   were   dug   from   its   surface   at   this   point   for   building   purposes,   leaving   a   series   of   pits.   These   two   factors   combined   to   give rise   to   the   supposition   in   Victorian   times   that   this   was   an   ancient   British   settlement   and   earthwork,   the   pits   being   presumed   to   be   the   remains   of   pit dwellings. Consequently, on older Ordnance maps the site is marked as such. The   Iron   Age   hill-forts   which   the   Romans   inherited   were   probably   used   by   them   as   defensive   positions   or   sentry   posts,   and   in   some   cases,   as   at Hod   Hill,   a   typically   Roman   square   earthwork   was   added   on   the   top.   In   1960   a   Roman   coin   of   Septimus   Severus   (193-211)   was   found   at   a   depth   of about   3   feet   (0.9   metre)   in   the   western   bank   of   Woodbury   Hill   when   a   pipe   trench   was   being   dug,   and   suggests   that   this   hill-fort   continued   to   be used during the Roman Period. The   Romans   would   use   old   standing   stones   from   the   Megalithic   period   as   markers   for   their   roads   &   there   is   an   example   next to the village... The   Stone   shown   here   is   the   'Devil's   Stone'   and   is   a   Heathstone   Monolith.   It   was   used   by   the   Romans   as   a   marker   close   to   a Roman Road on the summit of Black Hill. Archaeological Excavations - 1962 Soon   after   the   Roman   conquest   there   began   more   than   three   centuries   of   peace   and   general   prosperity,   during   which   time   Britons   enjoyed   the   law, order,   security   and   other   benefits   of   Roman   rule.   Under   these   circumstances,   together   with   a   good   road   system,   agriculture,   trade   and   industry flourished,   and   towns   and   small   settlements   became   established.   Such   a   settlement   was   situated   in   what   is   now   Bagwood   Field   north   of   Bere Down,   alongside   the   Roman   road,   and   seems   to   have   originated   in   about   80 AD,   remaining   in   continuous   occupation   until   about   350 AD.   You   can see   a   modern   Map   of   the   Site   by   clicking   here.   It   had   been   recognised   as   a   Romano-British   site   as   long   ago   as   1860   when   Charles   Warne,   the Dorset   historian,   discovered   a   well   on   the   site   containing   much   pottery,   and   other   material,   and   fragments   of   Roman   pottery   have   frequently appeared   on   the   surface   of   the   field.   In   July   1962   aerial   photographs   revealed   the   outlines   of   a   circular   area   and   a   field   system,   and   from   1962   to 1966 the site was systematically excavated under the direction of Geoffrey Toms. The   site   as   a   whole   has   an   area   of   about   5   acres   (2   hectares)   and   lies   on   either   side   of   the   road.   The   feature   of   chief   interest   proved   to   be   another well   (additional   to   the   one   discovered   in1860   which   was   said   to   have   been   lined   with   stone)   of   a   constant   diameter   of   42-44   inches   (105-110cm) cut   in   the   natural   chalk   with   pairs   of   putlog   holes   on   each   side   of   the   shaft   at   16   inch   (40cm)   intervals.   It   was   excavated   to   a   depth   of   70   feet   (21 metres)   and   the   filling   was   still   dry   at   this   level.   The   filling   of   the   well   consisted   of   soil   and   large   quantities   of   daub,   some   of   which   bore   plank   and wattle   imprints   suggesting   the   remains   of   a   hut,   interspersed   with   many   fragments   of   pottery,   coins   and   other   objects. The   six   coins   recovered   from the   well   range   from   Trajan   (98-117)   to   Tetricus   I   (270-273),   and   it   has   been   possible   to   reconstruct   some   almost   complete pots   from   the   many   fragments   of   pottery.   One   complete   jar   was   found   at   a   depth   of   60   feet   (18   metres).   Small   bronze   objects included   brooches,   rings,   an   ornamental   pin,   a   spoon   and   an   ear-ring,   whilst   iron   objects   included   a   knife,   an   ox-goad   and   a bill-hook.   The   well   filling   also   contained   fragments   of   rotary   quern-stones,   a   Purbeck   burr-stone   mortar,   part   of   a   shale   jar and   a   bone   counter.   Besides   the   bones   of   cattle,   horses,   pigs,   birds,   rodents   and   fish,   there   were   cockle,   oyster,   mussel   and whelk shells. There   were   a   number   of   pits   in   the   area   around   the   well,   one   of   which   had   a   diameter   of   31   feet   (9   metres)   and   a   depth   of   7 feet   (2   metres). These   pits   were   probably   dug   originally   in   order   to   obtain   gravel   for   the   making   or   repair   of   the   adjacent   road, and   were   subsequently   filled   at   the   end   of   the   first   century   to   form,   it   seems,   a   level   area   around   the   well. A   small   jar   with   a lid   had   been   deliberately   inserted   in   the   top   layer   of   filling   to   the   large   pit,   and   two   gullies   were   found   running   through   the levelled area, which had been filled with 2nd century material and pottery. See examples of the pottery in the drawings. A   sleeper   beam   trench   associated   with   a   fragmentary   chalk   floor   were   the   only   definite   traces   of   a   building   to   be   found,   and   although   some   post holes   were   observed,   no   regular   pattern   could   be   discerned.   Weaving   tools   made   from   animal   bones,   spindle   whorls   and   large   quantities   of ferruginous sandstone and iron slag indicate that weaving and iron smelting were carried on as industries in addition to the usual agricultural work. One   of   the   coins   is   probably   unique,   in   that   it   is   a   silver   deraarius   of   the   emperor   Gordian   I,   who   reigned   for   only   22   days   in All   238,   and   is   believed to be the only such coin to be recovered in an archaeological excavation in Britain. Fragments   of   pottery,   both   coarse   and   samian   were   found   in   abundance   over   the   whole   site,   and   provide   evidence   for   the   dating   of   the   site.   The following list includes all the objects found (other than pottery) up to 1966: Coins-1,   Native   British   (Durotrigian)   in   struck   bronze,   probably   of   the   first   half   of   the   1   st   century AD   (all   the   other   coins   are   Roman   Imperial);   2,   12- 11   BC   Augustus   (denarius);   3,   41-54   AD   Claudius   (as);   4,   circa   50   AD   Claudius   (imitation   as);   5,   54-68,   Nero   (as);   6,   69-79,   Vespasian   (as);   7, Latter   half   of   lst   century AD   perhaps   Vespasian   (as);   8,   98-99, Trajan   (as);   9,   104-117, Trajan   (sestertius);   10,   112-117, Trajan   (dupondius);   11,   113- 117,   Diva   VIarciana   (sestertius);   12,   134-138,   Hadrian   (sestertius);   13,   circa   141,   Diva   Faustina   I   (sestertius);   14,   circa   141,   Diva   Faustina   I (sestertius);    15,    circa    141,    Diva    Faustina    I    (as);    16,    176-180,    Commodus    under    Marcus   Aurelius    (sestertius);    17,    I81-182, Commodus    (base    denarius);    18,    238,    Gordian    I    (denarius);    19,    253-259,    Valerian    I    (denarius);    20,    259-268,    Gallienus (antnninianus);   21,   268-270   Claudius   II;   22,   circa   270,   Claudius   II;   23,   circa   270,   Claudius   II;   24,   circa   270,   Claudius   II   (imitation);   25, 270-274,   Tetricus   I,   (radiate   imitation);   26,   270-274,   Tetricus   I;   27,   270-274,   Tetricus   I;   28,   270-274,   Tetricus   I,   (antoninianus);   29, 270-274,   Tetricus   I,   (antoninianus);   30,   circa   275   (radiate   imitation);   31,   late   3rd   century   (radiate   imitation);   32,   293-296,   Allectus (antoninianus);   33,   320-324,   Constantine   I;   34-38,   330-335,   Constantine   I   (urbs   Roma   issue);   39,   330-335,   Constantine   I   (urbs Roma   issue   imitation);   40,   330-335,   Constantine   I   (urbs   Roma   issue);   41-42,   330-335,   Constantine   I,   (Constantinopolis   issue);   43, 330-335,   Constantine   I   (Constantinopolis   issue   imitation);   44,   330-335,   Constantine   I   (gloria   exercitus   issue);   45-46,   341-346, Constantinus II or Constans. Brooches-22 in all, including fragments, all of late 1st to end of 2nd century types. See drawings of the brooches opposite. Other   Bronze   Objects-   1,   Spiral   ring   in   the   form   of   a   stylised   snake;   2,   Ring   of   signet   Iorm;   3,   Octagonal   ring,   probably   silver   or   silvered   bronze;   4, Half   of   a   pair   or   tweezers;   5,   Fragment   of   a   bracelet;   6,   Half   of   a   bracelet;   7,   Ligula   or   ointment   spoon;   8,   Hinged   bronze   rod,   purpose   unknown;   9, Ear-ring;   10,   Pin   with   a   terminal   head;   11,   Stud   with   red   enamelling;   12,   Fragment   of   a   chain   link:.   13,   Bronze   loop,   possibly   part   of   a   brooch;   14, Small fragment what appears to be bronze plating. Iron   Objects-1,   Knife;   2,   Knife   blade;   3,   Brooch;   4,   Small   reaping   hook;   5,   Triangular   plate   with   bronze   rivet;   6,   Hinge   (?);   7,   Brooch   (?);   8,   Cleat;   9, Ox-goad; 10, Small triangular plate; 11, Steelyard. Shale   Objects-l-9,   Fragments   of   incised   tablets,   ranging   in   size   from   llin.   x   62in.   (28   x   17cm)   to   l;in.   x   lin.   (3   x   2.5cm);   10-12,   3   fragments   of   armlet; 13, Laminated spindle whorl; 14, Spindle Whorl; 15, 3 fragments of a bowl. Spindle Whorls-In addition to the two shale whorls there were 6 spindle whorls of pottery. Counters-1, Lathe-turned bone; 2, Pottery; 3, Chalk (?); 4, Hand cut bone. Querns-Three fragments of upper rotary querns, being respectively approximately one half, one sixth and one eighth of the original. Bone Objects-In addition to the two bone counters, there were two fragments of bone needles. Miscellaneous-1,   Fragment   of   a   Purbeck   burr-stone   mortar;   2-4,   3   clipped   pot   bases;   5-6,   2   chalk   tesserae;   7,   Flint   tessera;   8,   Handled   bone;   9-10, Fragments of bones; 11, Whetstone fragment. Flints-1, Fractured scraper; 2, Secondarily worked flake.   Archeological Excavations - 2009 & 2010 Further Archaeological   Digging   occured   in   2009   &   2010,   when   Bournemouth   University Archaeologists   excavated   a   Site   to   the   north   of   the   Village. You can see a modern Map of the Site by clicking here .    The   Durotriges   were   a   tribe   who   lived   in   Dorset.   They   are   usually   thought   to   have   been   among   the   most   resistant   to   Roman   rule   and   built   their own   forts   at   sites   including   Maiden   Castle   and   Hod   Hill.   TV   Historian,   Dr   Alice   Roberts,   attended   part   of   the   Dig   whilst   filming   for   her   "Dig   for Britain" TV Series which then featured this Dig in August 2011. You can see a Clip from the Programme by clicking here . Peace, prosperity & plenty of pomegranates from their far flung empire, kept local Roman Governors more than content...
The Romans would use old standing stones from the Megalithic period as markers for their roads & there is an example next to the village...
© 2003, Bere Regis Village Website.
Bere Regis Village
Bere Regis Village Website

The Ancient History of the Village

The Roman Period
Click / tap image to enlarge   full image
After   the   Roman   conquest   of AD   43,   the   first   task   the   occupying   forces undertook   was   the   construction   of   a   network   of   good flint   paved,   wide,   straight   roads   covering   the   whole country.    The    system    of    trackways    which    they    had inherited,    being    no    more    than    footpaths,    were    far below    the    standards    required    for    Roman    military purposes,    although    in    some    cases    the    new    roads followed   more   or   less   the   same   routes.   Roman   roads   were   built   to very   high   standards,   consisting   usually   of   a   raised   causeway   surfaced with   flints   and   with   flanking   ditches   on   either   side   to   ensure   good drainage;   indeed,   such   standards   of   road   building   were   not   attained again   in   Britain   until   the   turnpike   roads   of   the   18th   century.   Roman surveying   techniques   were   of   an   equally   high   standard,   as   the   routes were   set   out   in   almost   perfectly   straight   lines   from   one   station   or   town to the next. One   of   the   major   Roman   roads   concerns   this   parish   -   the   Via   Iceniana which    ran    from    Isca    Dumnoniorum    (Exeter)    by way    of    Londinium    (London)    to    Venta    Icenorum (Caister   St.   Edmunds,   Norfolk).   This   latter   town was   the   centre   of   an   area   inhabitated   by   a   tribe known   as   the   Iceni   which   gave   its   name   to   the road,    and    Icen    Way,    a    street    in    Dorchester through    which    the    road    passed,    gets    its    name from   the   same   source.   This   road   passes   across the   northern   part   of   this   parish,   entering   it   near Ashley    Barn    and    leaving    at    Bagwood    Copse. Below    you    can    see    a    Map    of    the    road,    as    it crosses our Parish - Some   sections   of   the   causeway   where   it   occurs   on   higher   ground   can still   be   quite   clearly   seen,   but   all   traces   of   it   have   vanished   where   it crossed    the    valleys    except    during    very    dry    periods    when    it    can sometimes   be   seen   as   crop   marks   across   the   fields.   This   particular stretch    is    an    almost    straight    line    from    Durnovaria    (Dorchester)    to Vindogladia   (Badbury   Rings)   and   passes   through   the   centres   of   three present   day   villages   -   Tolpuddle,   Winterbourne   Kingston   &   Shapwick. In   July   1949   the   Royal   Commission   on   Historic   Monuments   excavated a   cross   section   of   the   road   near   Bagwood   Copse,   and   at   this   point   the causewayed   road   itself   proved   to   have   a   width   of   20   feet   (6   metres).   It was   paved   with   a   thin   layer   of   flints   on   a   base   of   sandy   clay   laid   on   the natural   chalk,   and   the   flanking   ditches   were   59   feet   (18   metres)   apart, centre to centre. Where   this   road   approached   the   summit   of   Bere   Down   from   the   south west   in   the   vicinity   of   Bronze Age   barrow   no.   24,   it   ascended   by   way   of a   cutting   into   the   side   of   the   hill   forming   what   appeared   to   be   a   section of   fortified   banking,   and   in   subsequent   years,   after   the   road   had   fallen into   disuse,   some   of   the   flints   were   dug   from   its   surface   at   this   point for    building    purposes,    leaving    a    series    of    pits.    These    two    factors combined   to   give   rise   to   the   supposition   in   Victorian   times   that   this was    an    ancient    British    settlement    and    earthwork,    the    pits    being presumed   to   be   the   remains   of   pit   dwellings.   Consequently,   on   older Ordnance maps the site is marked as such. The   Iron Age   hill-forts   which   the   Romans   inherited   were   probably   used by   them   as   defensive   positions   or   sentry   posts,   and   in   some   cases,   as at   Hod   Hill,   a   typically   Roman   square   earthwork   was   added   on   the   top. In   1960   a   Roman   coin   of   Septimus   Severus   (193-211)   was   found   at   a depth   of   about   3   feet   (0.9   metre)   in   the   western   bank   of   Woodbury   Hill when   a   pipe   trench   was   being   dug,   and   suggests   that   this   hill-fort continued to be used during the Roman Period. The   Romans   would   use   old   standing   stones   from   the   Megalithic   period as   markers   for   their   roads   &   there   is   an   example next to the village... The   Stone   shown   here   is   the   'Devil's   Stone'   and is   a   Heathstone   Monolith.   It   was   used   by   the Romans   as   a   marker   close   to   a   Roman   Road   on the summit of Black Hill. Archaeological Excavations - 1962 Soon    after    the    Roman    conquest    there    began    more    than    three centuries   of   peace   and   general   prosperity,   during   which   time   Britons enjoyed   the   law,   order,   security   and   other   benefits   of   Roman   rule. Under    these    circumstances,    together    with    a    good    road    system, agriculture,    trade    and    industry    flourished,    and    towns    and    small settlements   became   established.   Such   a   settlement   was   situated   in what   is   now   Bagwood   Field   north   of   Bere   Down,   alongside   the   Roman road,   and   seems   to   have   originated   in   about   80   AD,   remaining   in continuous   occupation   until   about   350 AD. You   can   see   a   modern   Map of   the   Site   by   clicking   here.   It   had   been   recognised   as   a   Romano- British   site   as   long   ago   as   1860   when   Charles   Warne,   the   Dorset historian,   discovered   a   well   on   the   site   containing   much   pottery,   and other    material,    and    fragments    of    Roman    pottery    have    frequently appeared   on   the   surface   of   the   field.   In   July   1962   aerial   photographs revealed   the   outlines   of   a   circular   area   and   a   field   system,   and   from 1962    to    1966    the    site    was    systematically    excavated    under    the direction of Geoffrey Toms. The   site   as   a   whole   has   an   area   of   about   5   acres   (2   hectares)   and   lies on   either   side   of   the   road.   The   feature   of   chief   interest   proved   to   be another   well   (additional   to   the   one   discovered   in1860   which   was   said to   have   been   lined   with   stone)   of   a   constant   diameter   of   42-44   inches (105-110cm)   cut   in   the   natural   chalk   with   pairs   of   putlog   holes   on   each side   of   the   shaft   at   16   inch   (40cm)   intervals.   It   was   excavated   to   a depth   of   70   feet   (21   metres)   and   the   filling   was   still   dry   at   this   level. The   filling   of   the   well   consisted   of   soil   and   large   quantities   of   daub, some   of   which   bore   plank   and   wattle   imprints   suggesting   the   remains of   a   hut,   interspersed   with   many   fragments   of   pottery,   coins   and   other objects.   The   six   coins   recovered   from   the   well   range   from   Trajan   (98- 117)   to   Tetricus   I   (270-273),   and   it   has   been   possible   to   reconstruct some   almost   complete   pots   from   the   many   fragments   of   pottery.   One complete   jar   was   found   at   a   depth   of   60   feet   (18   metres).   Small bronze   objects   included   brooches,   rings,   an   ornamental   pin,   a   spoon and   an   ear-ring,   whilst   iron   objects   included   a   knife,   an   ox-goad   and   a bill-hook.   The   well   filling   also   contained   fragments   of   rotary   quern- stones,   a   Purbeck   burr-stone   mortar,   part   of   a   shale   jar   and   a   bone counter.   Besides   the   bones   of   cattle,   horses,   pigs,   birds,   rodents   and fish, there were cockle, oyster, mussel and whelk shells. There   were   a   number   of   pits   in   the   area   around   the   well,   one   of   which had   a   diameter   of   31   feet   (9   metres)   and   a   depth   of   7   feet   (2   metres). These   pits   were   probably   dug   originally   in   order to   obtain   gravel   for   the   making   or   repair   of   the adjacent   road,   and   were   subsequently   filled   at the   end   of   the   first   century   to   form,   it   seems,   a level   area   around   the   well. A   small   jar   with   a   lid had   been   deliberately   inserted   in   the   top   layer of   filling   to   the   large   pit,   and   two   gullies   were found   running   through   the   levelled   area,   which had   been   filled   with   2nd   century   material   and pottery.    See    examples    of    the    pottery    in    the drawings. A   sleeper   beam   trench   associated   with   a   fragmentary   chalk   floor   were the   only   definite   traces   of   a   building   to   be   found,   and   although   some post   holes   were   observed,   no   regular   pattern   could   be   discerned. Weaving   tools   made   from   animal   bones,   spindle   whorls   and   large quantities   of   ferruginous   sandstone   and   iron   slag   indicate   that   weaving and   iron   smelting   were   carried   on   as   industries   in   addition   to   the   usual agricultural work. One   of   the   coins   is   probably   unique,   in   that   it   is   a   silver   deraarius   of the   emperor   Gordian   I,   who   reigned   for   only   22   days   in All   238,   and   is believed   to   be   the   only   such   coin   to   be   recovered   in   an   archaeological excavation in Britain. Fragments    of    pottery,    both    coarse    and    samian    were    found    in abundance   over   the   whole   site,   and   provide   evidence   for   the   dating   of the   site.   The   following   list   includes   all   the   objects   found   (other   than pottery) up to 1966: Coins-1,   Native   British   (Durotrigian)   in   struck   bronze,   probably   of   the first    half    of    the    1    st    century   AD    (all    the    other    coins    are    Roman Imperial);   2,   12-11   BC Augustus   (denarius);   3,   41-54 AD   Claudius   (as); 4,   circa   50   AD   Claudius   (imitation   as);   5,   54-68,   Nero   (as);   6,   69-79, Vespasian   (as);   7,   Latter   half   of   lst   century   AD   perhaps   Vespasian (as);   8,   98-99, Trajan   (as);   9,   104-117, Trajan   (sestertius);   10,   112-117, Trajan   (dupondius);   11,   113-117,   Diva   VIarciana   (sestertius);   12,   134- 138,   Hadrian   (sestertius);   13,   circa   141,   Diva   Faustina   I   (sestertius); 14,   circa   141,   Diva   Faustina   I   (sestertius);   15,   circa   141,   Diva   Faustina I   (as);   16,   176-180,   Commodus   under   Marcus   Aurelius   (sestertius); 17,     I81-182,     Commodus     (base     denarius);     18,     238,     Gordian     I (denarius);   19,   253-259,   Valerian   I   (denarius);   20,   259-268,   Gallienus (antnninianus);   21,   268-270   Claudius   II;   22,   circa   270,   Claudius   II;   23, circa   270,   Claudius   II;   24,   circa   270,   Claudius   II   (imitation);   25,   270- 274, Tetricus   I,   (radiate   imitation);   26,   270-274, Tetricus   I;   27,   270-274, Tetricus   I;   28,   270-274, Tetricus   I,   (antoninianus);   29,   270-274, Tetricus I,   (antoninianus);   30,   circa   275   (radiate   imitation);   31,   late   3rd   century (radiate   imitation);   32,   293-296,   Allectus   (antoninianus);   33,   320-324, Constantine    I;    34-38,    330-335,    Constantine    I    (urbs Roma   issue);   39,   330-335,   Constantine   I   (urbs   Roma issue   imitation);   40,   330-335,   Constantine   I   (urbs   Roma issue);          41-42,          330-335,          Constantine          I, (Constantinopolis    issue);    43,    330-335,    Constantine    I (Constantinopolis      issue      imitation);      44,      330-335, Constantine   I   (gloria   exercitus   issue);   45-46,   341-346, Constantinus II or Constans. Brooches-22   in   all,   including   fragments,   all   of   late   1st   to end    of    2nd    century    types.    See    drawings    of    the brooches here Other   Bronze   Objects-   1,   Spiral   ring   in   the   form   of   a   stylised   snake;   2, Ring   of   signet   Iorm;   3,   Octagonal   ring,   probably   silver   or   silvered bronze;   4,   Half   of   a   pair   or   tweezers;   5,   Fragment   of   a   bracelet;   6,   Half of   a   bracelet;   7,   Ligula   or   ointment   spoon;   8,   Hinged   bronze   rod, purpose   unknown;   9,   Ear-ring;   10,   Pin   with   a   terminal   head;   11,   Stud with   red   enamelling;   12,   Fragment   of   a   chain   link:.   13,   Bronze   loop, possibly   part   of   a   brooch;   14,   Small   fragment   what   appears   to   be bronze plating. Iron   Objects-1,   Knife;   2,   Knife   blade;   3,   Brooch;   4,   Small   reaping   hook; 5,   Triangular   plate   with   bronze   rivet;   6,   Hinge   (?);   7,   Brooch   (?);   8, Cleat; 9, Ox-goad; 10, Small triangular plate; 11, Steelyard. Shale   Objects-l-9,   Fragments   of   incised   tablets,   ranging   in   size   from llin.   x   62in.   (28   x   17cm)   to   l;in.   x   lin.   (3   x   2.5cm);   10-12,   3   fragments   of armlet;    13,    Laminated    spindle    whorl;    14,    Spindle    Whorl;    15,    3 fragments of a bowl. Spindle    Whorls-In    addition    to    the    two    shale    whorls    there    were    6 spindle whorls of pottery. Counters-1,   Lathe-turned   bone;   2,   Pottery;   3,   Chalk   (?);   4,   Hand   cut bone. Querns-Three   fragments   of   upper   rotary   querns,   being   respectively approximately one half, one sixth and one eighth of the original. Bone   Objects-In   addition   to   the   two   bone   counters,   there   were   two fragments of bone needles. Miscellaneous-1,   Fragment   of   a   Purbeck   burr-stone   mortar;   2-4,   3 clipped   pot   bases;   5-6,   2   chalk   tesserae;   7,   Flint   tessera;   8,   Handled bone; 9-10, Fragments of bones; 11, Whetstone fragment. Flints-1, Fractured scraper; 2, Secondarily worked flake.   Archeological Excavations - 2009 & 2010 Further    Archaeological    Digging    occured    in    2009    &    2010,    when Bournemouth   University   Archaeologists   excavated   a   Site   to   the   north of the Village. You can see a modern Map of the Site by clicking here .    The   Durotriges   were   a   tribe   who   lived   in   Dorset.   They   are   usually thought   to   have   been   among   the   most   resistant   to   Roman   rule   and built   their   own   forts   at   sites   including   Maiden   Castle   and   Hod   Hill.   TV Historian,   Dr   Alice   Roberts,   attended   part   of   the   Dig   whilst   filming   for her   "Dig   for   Britain"   TV   Series   which   then   featured   this   Dig   in   August 2011. You can see a Clip from the Programme by clicking here . Peace,    prosperity    &    plenty    of    pomegranates    from    their    far    flung empire, kept local Roman Governors more than content...
The Romans would use old standing stones from the Megalithic period as markers for their roads & there is an example next to the village...