Bere Regis Village, Dorset
 
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The Hearth Tax

Returns of 1662

IN   1662   a   new   form   of   tax   was   introduced   in   order   to   raise   additional   revenue,   and   it   was   devised   in   a   form   which   related   the   amount   to   be   paid   to the   size   of   house   occupied,   on   the   assumption   that   this   in   turn   related   to   the   means   of   the   occupier.   It   was achieved   by   requiring   the   payment   of   Is.   Od.   by   the   householder   for   each   hearth   or   fireplace   in   his   dwelling,   such payments   being   collected   at   six-monthly   intervals.   The   first   collection   was   made   at   Michaelmas   1662   and subsequently at Ladyday and Michaelmas in both 1663 and 1664, but owing to the difficulty and expense of making the collections, the tax was then abandoned as being uneconomical. In   1662   lists   of   householders   in   all   parishes   were   drawn   up   giving   the   numbers   of   hearths,   and   copies   of   these original   returns   were   used   as   a   basis   for   the   subsequent   collections   on which   the   collectors   made   notes   when   necessary.   If   a   householder   was sufficiently    poor    he    would    get    exemption,    in    which    case    he    was described   as   a   pauper,   and   the   term   `paup'   appears   against   his   name. Also,   as   might   be   expected,   some   householders   took   the   precaution   of bricking   up   unwanted   fireplaces   in   order   to   evade   the   tax,   and   in   these cases   notes   such   as   `2   stopt'   or   `walled   up'   appear.   `Voyd'   indicates   that a   house   was   unoccupied.   The   following   is   the   assessment   of   Michaelmas   1664   for   Bere   Regis,   with   the collector's notes given in brackets: HUNDRED   OF   BELIZE   REGIS:   Kings Tenants   24. Tho'   Keate   in   Mr.   Loopes   house   ij.   George   Harris   in   Phillip   Buddens   j.   Richard   Harris   in   Reynold Harris   ij.   Joshua   Clench   in   the   Widd'   Rawlins   j. Tho'   Gillingham   j.   Eliz'   Orchard   widd'   j.   George   Cribb   in   Mr.   John   Loopes   house   iiij. Agnes   Coombes iij.   John   Vyne   j.   Richard   Hapgood   j.   Mathew   Cope   widd'   j.   John   Boles   j.   Abraham   Okely   in   ye   Widd'   Rawlins   j.   Will'm   Okely   in   Barthol'   Holmers   ij. Clement Barges j. Tho' Landon in John Batts house j. BEERE   REGIS   TITHING   218   m0C'a0   175.   John   TllrberVlll   ESCII'   XOJ   (4   SLOpi.)   Giles   Sampson   iij.   Robert   Foy   j.   (Paup')   Robert   Foy   ij.   Mary Williams   j.   (Paup')   Robert   Foy   iij.   Adam   Kingsbury   iij.   (no   dist')   John   Ballanger   j.   (Paup')   Robert   Gibbs   ij.   Tho'   Woolfreys   iiij.   Robert   Bassett   j. Joseph   Crocker   ij.   Henry   Crocker   iiij.   Bejamine   Coakes   j.   John   Gerard   ij.   Jane   Foster   j.   Nichas'   Vr'illiams   iij.   (1   stopt)   Mr   White   iiij.   Wm'   Meereinge ij. Abraham Plucknett j. Jane Gould j. John Morgan ij. Tho'   Speare   ij.   Mary   Genge   j. Tho'   Lucas   ij.   Dorothy   Rutter   iij.   Henry   Rutter   j.   (Paup')   George   Daw   j. Tho'   Woolfreys   junr'   iij.   Wm'   Speare   j.   Leonard Read   ij.   Wm'   Burt   iij.   Elizabeth   Fry   iiij.   John   Homer   ij.   Lawrence   Chubb   v.   Wm'   Martyn   ij.   (Paup')   John   Saggar   ij.   Hen'   Smedmore   ii.   Tho'   Cole   j. Leonard   Bascombe   j.   John   Williams   j.   Robte'   Sexey   iiij.   Tho'   Crumpcleere   j.   Christian   Hawkes   iiij.   Andrew   Warren   j.   John   Thomas   iij.   John Plucknett   j.   Mary   Creech   j.   Elizab'   Lockeir   j.   (Paup')   John   Clench   ij.   (Paup')   Wm'   Candy   j.   Robte'   Cleeves   j.   George   Sexey   vj.   John   Guy   ij.   Christian 1'lucknett   iij.   John   Gerard   j.   Tho'   Veake   iij.   John   Dyett   j.   (decayd).   David   Guy   j.   (Paup').   Robte'   Pope   ij.   Mr   Lamb   in   the   Vicaridge   house   vj.   (voyde) John   Guy   (Wm.   Cox   deleted)   viij.   Wm'   Bolter   iij.   Wm'   Welch   j.   John   Gould   iij,   Barthol'   Holmer   ij.   Mrs   Dewy   j.   Peter   Phippard   ij.   Elizab'   Bolt   j.   Maud Joyner   v.   John   Stuckley   j.   Daniell   Baker   j.   John   Samwayes   j.   Richard   Dawbeny   j.   Robert   Keate   j.   John   Lillington   j.   (Paup')   John   Gabriell   j.   Leonard Guy   j.   (Paup')   John   Vyncent   j.   (Paup')   Martyn   Lockeir   j.   (Paup')   Francis   Wilcox   ij.   Henry   Cleeves   j.   Christian   Wool-freys   ij.   Wm'   Woolfreys   j.   Elinor Trottle j. (voyd) Phillip Danger j. Eliz'   Wilcox   iij.   John   Clarke   ij.   Thomas   Cooke   j.   Barthol'   Holmer   j.   George   Sergeant   j.   Mr.   George   Froome   iiij.   Joane   Tilly   ij.   Peter   Phippard   j. Thomas Hardy j. Barthol' Veake ij. Mr, John Burley iiij. George Welsteed j. Mr. Andr' Samwayes iiij. James Meaden v.
© 2003, Bere Regis Village Website.
Bere Regis Village
Bere Regis Village Website

The Hearth Tax

Returns of 1662

IN   1662   a   new   form   of   tax   was   introduced   in   order   to   raise   additional revenue,   and   it   was   devised   in   a   form   which   related   the   amount   to   be paid   to   the   size   of   house   occupied, on   the   assumption   that   this   in   turn related   to   the   means   of   the   occupier. It    was    achieved    by    requiring    the payment      of      Is.      Od.      by      the householder     for     each     hearth     or fireplace     in     his     dwelling,     such payments    being    collected    at    six- monthly   intervals.   The   first   collection was   made   at   Michaelmas   1662   and subsequently      at      Ladyday      and Michaelmas   in   both   1663   and   1664, but owing to the   difficulty   and   expense   of   making the collections, the tax was then abandoned as being uneconomical. In   1662   lists   of   householders   in   all   parishes   were   drawn   up   giving   the numbers   of   hearths,   and   copies   of   these   original   returns   were   used   as a   basis   for   the   subsequent   collections   on   which   the   collectors   made notes   when   necessary.   If   a   householder   was   sufficiently   poor   he   would get   exemption,   in   which   case   he   was   described   as   a   pauper,   and   the term   `paup'   appears   against   his   name.   Also,   as   might   be   expected, some    householders    took    the    precaution    of    bricking    up    unwanted fireplaces   in   order   to   evade the   tax,   and   in   these   cases notes    such    as    `2    stopt'    or `walled    up'    appear.    `Voyd' indicates    that    a    house    was unoccupied.   The   following   is the           assessment           of Michaelmas    1664    for    Bere Regis, with the collector's notes given in brackets: HUNDRED   OF   BELIZE   REGIS:   Kings   Tenants   24.   Tho'   Keate   in   Mr. Loopes   house   ij.   George   Harris   in   Phillip   Buddens   j.   Richard   Harris   in Reynold    Harris    ij.    Joshua    Clench    in    the    Widd'    Rawlins    j.    Tho' Gillingham   j.   Eliz'   Orchard   widd'   j.   George   Cribb   in   Mr.   John   Loopes house    iiij.    Agnes    Coombes    iij.    John    Vyne    j.    Richard    Hapgood    j. Mathew    Cope    widd'    j.    John    Boles    j.   Abraham    Okely    in    ye    Widd' Rawlins   j.   Will'm   Okely   in   Barthol'   Holmers   ij.   Clement   Barges   j.   Tho' Landon in John Batts house j. BEERE   REGIS TITHING   218   m0C'a0   175.   John TllrberVlll   ESCII'   XOJ (4   SLOpi.)   Giles   Sampson   iij.   Robert   Foy   j.   (Paup')   Robert   Foy   ij.   Mary Williams   j.   (Paup')   Robert   Foy   iij.   Adam   Kingsbury   iij.   (no   dist')   John Ballanger   j.   (Paup')   Robert   Gibbs   ij.   Tho'   Woolfreys   iiij.   Robert   Bassett j.    Joseph    Crocker    ij.    Henry    Crocker    iiij.    Bejamine    Coakes    j.    John Gerard   ij.   Jane   Foster   j.   Nichas'   Vr'illiams   iij.   (1   stopt)   Mr   White   iiij. Wm' Meereinge ij. Abraham Plucknett j. Jane Gould j. John Morgan ij. Tho'   Speare   ij.   Mary   Genge   j.   Tho'   Lucas   ij.   Dorothy   Rutter   iij.   Henry Rutter   j.   (Paup')   George   Daw   j.   Tho'   Woolfreys   junr'   iij.   Wm'   Speare   j. Leonard    Read    ij.    Wm'    Burt    iij.    Elizabeth    Fry    iiij.    John    Homer    ij. Lawrence    Chubb    v.    Wm'    Martyn    ij.    (Paup')    John    Saggar    ij.    Hen' Smedmore    ii.    Tho'    Cole    j.    Leonard    Bascombe    j.    John    Williams    j. Robte'   Sexey   iiij.   Tho'   Crumpcleere   j.   Christian   Hawkes   iiij.   Andrew Warren   j.   John   Thomas   iij.   John   Plucknett   j.   Mary   Creech   j.   Elizab' Lockeir   j.   (Paup')   John   Clench   ij.   (Paup')   Wm'   Candy   j.   Robte'   Cleeves j.   George   Sexey   vj.   John   Guy   ij.   Christian   1'lucknett   iij.   John   Gerard   j. Tho'   Veake   iij.   John   Dyett   j.   (decayd).   David   Guy   j.   (Paup').   Robte' Pope   ij.   Mr   Lamb   in   the   Vicaridge   house   vj.   (voyde)   John   Guy   (Wm. Cox   deleted)   viij.   Wm'   Bolter   iij.   Wm'   Welch   j.   John   Gould   iij,   Barthol' Holmer   ij.   Mrs   Dewy   j.   Peter   Phippard   ij.   Elizab'   Bolt   j.   Maud   Joyner   v. John   Stuckley   j.   Daniell   Baker   j.   John   Samwayes   j.   Richard   Dawbeny j.   Robert   Keate   j.   John   Lillington   j.   (Paup')   John   Gabriell   j.   Leonard Guy    j.    (Paup')    John    Vyncent    j.    (Paup')    Martyn    Lockeir    j.    (Paup') Francis    Wilcox    ij.    Henry    Cleeves    j.    Christian    Wool-freys    ij.    Wm' Woolfreys j. Elinor Trottle j. (voyd) Phillip Danger j. Eliz'   Wilcox   iij.   John   Clarke   ij.   Thomas   Cooke   j.   Barthol'   Holmer   j. George    Sergeant    j.    Mr.    George    Froome    iiij.    Joane    Tilly    ij.    Peter Phippard   j.   Thomas   Hardy   j.   Barthol'   Veake   ij.   Mr,   John   Burley   iiij. George Welsteed j. Mr. Andr' Samwayes iiij. James Meaden v.